Thursday, 28 June 2012

Follow Sunnah, Deaf Accountable, Friends, Sin and Pride, Repentance

thefinalmessage|THE FRIDAY NOTE

Weekly Hadith – Follow the Sunnah;
Allah (Subhanawa taála) says in His Perfect Word, “But they (people) will not cease to disagree. Except him on whom your Lord Has bestowed His Mercy."  [Al- Hud, 118]

On the authority Al-Irbad ibn Sariyah (radiAllahu anhu) narrated “ Allah´s Messenger (salAllahu alayhi wasallam) gave us an exhortation at which the eyes shed tears and the hearts were afraid.
A man said Állah´s Messenger, it seems as if this was a farewell exhortation, so what injunction do you give us?´ He (salAllahu alayhi wasallam) said Í enjoin you to fear Allah, and to hear and obey even if it be a slave, for those of you who will live after me will see a great disagreement. You must then follow my Sunnah, and that of the rightly guided successors. Hold to it and stick fast to it. Avoid novelties, as every novelty is an innovation, and every innovation is an error.´” 
[Abu Da´wud, at-Tirmidhee] 

The state in which the Muslim Ummah finds itself today is by no means a state of perfect unity, as it should be. Ideological differences, political bigotry, nationalism of the days of ignorance and various other factors have created divisions and sects amongst Muslims around the world.
However, this should not come as a surprise to a believer, since the disagreements were foreseen by our Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasallam) as is given in the above hadith.
But the very same narration from the best of Man (salAllahu alayhi wasallam) gives us the solution to defeat these differences and attain success before Allah (Subhana wa taála), and that is by adhering to the Sunnah of the Messenger (salAllahu alayhi wasallam) and the pious successors (i.e. by following the ways of the Prophet Muhammad in words, actions and deeds, and those of the rightly guided successors).  Adhering to the Sunnah means shunning differences, and establishing a unity of purpose. We should all endeavour to educate ourselves regarding the Sunnah, and encourage one another to live our lives by it, which in itself will remove all the existent divergences.

May Allah (Subhana wa taála) demolish the walls of division that the Ummah has constructed amongst itself over time, and open our eyes and minds so that we truly can see that constant disagreement is a sign of the absence of Allah´s Mercy. Instead we should correct ourselves by following the path of our Noble Prophet (salAllahu lalyhi wasallam) and the successors (radiAllahu anhuma) as undoubtedly this is the only path to securing our Aakhirah inshaÁllah.  

Pearls of Wisdom; 
“He whose sin is due to desire, then have hope for him; and he whose sin is due to pride, then fear for him. Because Adam (alayhis-salaam) sinned due to desire, and he was forgiven; and Iblis sinned due to pride, and he was cursed.”
Sufyaan Ibn Uyaynah (RahimAllaah)

Weekly Q&A;
Q. Are those who are deaf and mute accountable, and do they have to do the obligatory duties prescribed in sharee’ah?

 Praise be to Allaah. 

Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Baaz explained that the child who is deaf and mute, when he reaches the age of puberty, is considered to be accountable and expected to fulfil the obligations of prayer, etc.
He added that he may be taught what he needs to know by means of writing or signing, because of the general meaning of the shar’i evidence which indicates that these obligations apply to everyone who reaches the age of puberty and is of sound mind.

Puberty is reached at the age of fifteen, or when maniy (discharge) is emitted as a result of feeling desire in a dream (“wet dream”) or otherwise, and when coarse hair grows around the private parts. In the case of women, there is a fourth sign of puberty, which is the onset of menstrual periods. 

The shaykh called upon the guardian of the one who is deaf or mute to pay zakaah and fulfil other financial obligations on his behalf. He also has to teach him what he does not know by all possible means so that he will understand what Allaah requires of him and what Allaah has forbidden for him.
The shaykh quoted as evidence the words of Allaah (interpretation of the meaning):
“So keep your duty to Allaah and fear Him as much as you can”
[Al-Taghaabun 64:16]

And the hadeeth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “If I command you to do a thing, then do as much of it as you can.”
And the shaykh explained that the accountable person who cannot hear or speak, or who becomes unable to hear or speak, should fear Allaah and keep his duty towards Him as much as he can by doing that which is enjoined upon him and abstaining from that which is haraam. He should try to learn as much of the religion as possible, by watching, writing and signing, so that he may understand what is required.

And Allaah knows best.
(Source: Islam QA – 

Weekly Suggested Good Deed – Appreciate your Friends; 
Appreciate your Friends, and let them know it...

Good friends are a blessing from Allah (Subhana wa´taála). We laugh with them, share our happiness with them, and can fall back on them in our times of need and difficulty. But not many of us express our appreciation for them as often as we should.
 Our Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasallam) said, "If one of you loves his brother then let him inform him of that." So we should take this advice and let them know of their importance to us, if not with the use of words then definitely through our actions. Take it from one with experience that when they are not around, one really feels the gap of their absence, and realises their importance and value. 

Dua of the Week;
Dua of  Repentance and Refuge from Ill-Feelings/Jealousy towards others:

"Rabbanaghfir lana wa li-ikhwaninal ladhinal sabaquna bil-Imani wa la taj'al fi qulubina ghillan lil ladhina aamanu  Rabbana innaka Ra'ufur Rahim."

"Our Lord! forgive us and those of our brethren who had precedence over us in faith, and do not allow any spite to remain in our hearts towards those who believe, Our Lord! surely Thou art Kind, Merciful." [Al-Hashr, 10]


Thursday, 21 June 2012

Forgive, Apologise, Salah and Dua for Sleep

thefinalmessage|THE FRIDAY NOTE

Weekly Hadith – Rights and forgiveness;

Allah (Subhanawa taála) says in His Perfect Word, "Let not those among you who are endued with grace and amplitude of means resolve by oath against helping their kinsmen, those in want and those who migrated in the path of Allah. Let them forgive and overlook. Do you not wish that Allah should forgive you? Indeed Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” [Al-Nur 24:22]

It was narrated by ‘A`ishah (radiAllahu anha) that the Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasallam) said, ‘The bankrupt person from my ummah will be the one who will turn up on the Day of Resurrection having prayed, fasted and given zakah, but he comes having hurled abuse upon this one, slandered that one, unlawfully consumed the wealth of someone else, shed the blood of another and struck yet another; so his good deeds will be credited to this one, that one and so on. If however, his good deeds are depleted before his account is settled, then a compensatory amount of their sins will be cast upon him, and he will then be thrown into the Fire.’
[Sahih Muslim/Al-Birr wa As-Silah wa Al-Adab]

From this hadith we can see the significance Allah azza wa jal has placed upon our duties to fellow man, and underlies the fact that Islam isn't just about worship, it is a holistic approach to life, it is the balance that we often hear about associated with our deen, and how there are different rights we must fulfil, as is beautifully found in the advice of Salman al-Farsi to Abu Dardaa.
It is also a reminder of Allah's Rahma. We are encouraged and know from other hadith, that if we have wronged someone, then we should seek their forgiveness directly, since Allah will not forgive us for an oppression we committed against another person, whereas if we have sinned against our Lord, then His mercy is always open to us. This in turn encourages us to be good to people in this life, and if by error we do wrong someone, to seek their forgiveness, and what does Allah advise the wronged person? It is to forgive and overlook the error of their brother/sister, as given in the above aayah. SubhanAllah, how perfect is this deen of ours! 

Pearls of Wisdom; 

Be hard on yourself. Be easy on others” Imam Shafií (rahimAllah) 

Weekly Q&A;

Q. Should one advise brothers/sisters at work to offer their salah? What if they use the excuse of impure clothes?

 Praise be to Allaah.

You should not hesitate to advise your colleagues and remind them about the prayer, rather that is what Allaah has enjoined. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“Let there arise out of you a group of people inviting to all that is good (Islam), enjoining Al-Ma‘roof (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do) and forbidding Al-Munkar (polytheism and disbelief and all that Islam has forbidden). And it is they who are the successful” [Aal ‘Imraan 3:104] 

“O my son! Aqim-is-Salaah (perform As-Salaah), enjoin (on people) Al-Ma‘roof  (Islamic Monotheism and all that is good), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief in the Oneness of Allaah, polytheism of all kinds and all that is evil and bad), and bear with patience whatever befalls you. Verily, these are some of the important commandments (ordered by Allaah with no exemption)” [Luqmaan 31:17] 

And the Prophet (Peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever among you sees an evil action, let him change it with his hand (by taking action); if he cannot, then with his tongue (by speaking out); if he cannot then with his heart (by hating it and feeling that it is wrong), and that is the weakest of faith.” [Narrated by Muslim, 49] 

Not praying is a great evil, indeed it is kufr that puts one beyond the pale of Islam, according to the more correct of the two scholarly opinions, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Between a man and kufr and shirk there stands his giving up prayer.” [Narrated by Muslim, 82] 

And he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The covenant that stands between us and them is prayer, whoever gives it up is a kaafir.” [Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2621; al-Nasaa’i, 463; Ibn Maajah, 1079] 

You should not even entertain the notion of not praying, rather you should hate that thought as you would hate to be thrown into the fire, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There are three things, whoever attains them has found the sweetness of faith: when Allaah and His Messenger are dearer to him than anything else; when he loves a person and only loves him for the sake of Allaah; and when he would hate to go back to kufr as he would hate to be thrown into the fire.” [Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 49; Muslim, 60] 

With regard to the excuse that your colleague may give about his/her clothes being impure, the answer is that he can also set aside pure clothes for praying in. You should note that one who truly respects the prayer and understands its importance and the seriousness of not praying would not give such an excuse. 

It is essential to advise this man and others, and explain the ruling concerning one who does not pray, and the obligation to offer prayer on time, and that it is haraam to delay it until after work or before going to bed, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“Then, there has succeeded them a posterity who have given up As-Salaah (the prayers) [i.e. made their Salaah (prayers) to be lost, either by not offering them or by not offering them perfectly or by not offering them in their proper fixed times] and have followed lusts. So they will be thrown in Hell” [Maryam 19:59] 

Ibn Mas’ood said concerning al-ghayy (translated above as “Hell”): This is a valley in Hell which is very deep and has a foul taste. 

And Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 
“So woe unto those performers of Salaah (prayers) (hypocrites),
Those who delay their Salaah (prayer from their stated fixed times)” [al-Maa’oon 107:4-5] 

Delaying prayer until its time is over is a major sin, and not praying at all is major kufr – we seek refuge with Allaah from that. 

And Allaah knows best. 
(Source: Islam QA – 

Weekly Suggested Good Deed - Apologise;

Many of us will on a daily basis bicker with our siblings, spouses or even friends, to the point where it can become confrontational and result in bitterness towards one another.
But in light of the aayah and hadith included in todays note, make sure that you are the first person to apologise in a situation where there may have been a disagreement or arguement between you and someone else, or otherwise if you have been rude or offensive to another person.

Often it is seen as a hit to one´s ego to admit their mistake/retract from their stance, but we should take a step back and think of the consequences of our actions, and the reward of initiating reconciliation. Hence don´t miss the opportunity to earn the hasanah of saying you are sorry.
More often that not your apology will be accepted, and the situation will be resolved. And even if this is not the case, you should still remain content in the knowledge that you have acted in accordance with the etiquette of a good Muslim, upheld the right of your brother/sister, and inshaÁllah Allah will accept your intentions and action. This in itself if the best of rewards.

Dua of the Week;

Dua to Recite Before Sleeping:
“Bi'ismika 'allãhumma 'amootu wa 'ahyã”

“It is in your name O' my 'ilãh that I die and I live.” [Bukhãri and Muslim]


True followers, Charity, Fast, Wudhu

thefinalmessage|THE FRIDAY NOTE

Weekly Hadith - Be a Stranger;

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “Allaah will keep firm those who believe, with the word that stands firm in this world and in the Hereafter. And Allaah will cause to go astray those who are zaalimoon (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.), and Allaah does what He wills.” [Ibraaheem 14:27].

Abû Hurayrah relates that Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Islam began strange, and it will become strange again just like it was at the beginning, so blessed are the strangers.” [Sahîh Muslim (1/130)] 

The hadîth tells us that a time will come when person, on account of his uprightness in knowledge and in deed, finds few who agree with him but many who disagree with him and ridicule him. When he calls the people to what he is on, he gets few followers. 

The Prophet (peace be upon him) made this meaning clear when, after being asked about the strangers, he said: “They are righteous people among many evil people who disobey them more than they obey them.” 

This estrangement is typified by the small number of those who assist in doing right and the paucity of those who answer the call to Allah. 

We see this regularly in our society, where those who adhere to the rules of our Deen, both overtly and intrinsically, are often seen as outcasts. Rather than ostracise them, we should appreciate and admire the effort they make to keep themselves steadfast, and gain strength within our own selves to correct our ways. Indeed it is a blessing if Allah decides to guide us on His path, as opposed to push us away from drawing close to His perfect commandments.

Pearls of Wisdom;  

"Indeed righteousness illuminates the heart, radiates the face, strengthens the body, increases provision, and produces a love in the hearts of the creation for that person. Whereas sinfulness darkens the heart, greys the face, weakens the body, and produces hatred in the hearts of the creation for that person."  Ibn Abbas (radiAllahu’anhuma)

Weekly Q&A;

Q. When wiping over the hijab I put my hands under its edges so as to reach the edges of the face that must be washed when doing wudoo’. Is that sufficient? Because some people have told me that this is regarded as wiping and not washing the face.

Praise be to Allaah.

What is required in wudoo’ is to wash the face with water, because Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):
“O you who believe! When you intend to offer As-Salat (the prayer), wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to the elbows…”
[al-Maa’idah 5:6]. 

Washing means pouring water over the part of the body; just wiping it is not sufficient. 
Al-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said: It is stipulated when washing the parts of the body that the water should flow over them; if the water touches but does not flow, then his purification is not valid. Our companions are agreed on this.  End quote from Sharh al-Muhadhdhab, 1/491.

And he (may Allah have mercy on him) said: The Muslims are unanimously agreed that the water that is acceptable in wudoo’ and ghusl is not a specific amount; rather a little or a lot may suffice if the condition of washing is met, which is that the water should flow over the parts of the body. End quote from Sharh Saheeh Muslim, 2/20 

Al-Bahooti (may Allah have mercy on him) said: Proper washing means making the water reach all of the part of the body being washed, so that it flows over it; it is not sufficient just to wipe it. End quote from Daqaa’iq Ooli an-Nuha, 1/88 

To sum up: in order for wudoo’ to be valid, the water must flow over the part of the body in question – apart from the head. But if the water does not flow on the part of the body, and he merely transfers what is left on his hand of water, then that is wiping, in which case his wudoo’ is not valid. 

And Allah knows best.

Weekly Suggested Good Deed; - Observing voluntary fasts, visiting the sick and giving charity

We should try to offer voluntary fasts, visit the sick and give charity as much as possible.

For the following week, if we cannot do all three then we should aim to do at least one as the following hadith explains the reward attached to them:

It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Who among you is fasting today?” Abu Bakr (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “I am.” He said: “Who among you has attended a funeral today?” Abu Bakr (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “I have.” He said: “Who among you has fed a poor person today?’ Abu Bakr (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “I have.” He said: “Who among you has visited a sick person today?” Abu Bakr (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “I have.” The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “These (traits) are not combined in a person but he will enter Paradise.”

Narrated by Muslim, 1028.

Dua of the Week;

Dua for Entering the Market:
لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ يُحْيِي وَيُمِيتُ وَهُوَ حَيٌّ لَا يَمُوتُ بِيَدِهِ الْخَيْرُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٍ 

La illaha ilAllahu wahdahu lashareeka lahu, lahul mulku wa la hul hamdu, yuhyi wa yumeetu wahuwa hayyu la yamootu biyaddihil khayru wahuwa ‘aala kulli shayin qadeer'

"There is none worthy of worship besides Allah. He is all by Himself. He has no partner. His is the Kingdom, to Him is all praise. He gives and takes life. He is all by Himself. He will not die. In His hands is all good and He has control (power) over all things". [Tirmidhi]

NOTE: Apologies if the Arabic appears inverted, was fine upon sending - the transliteration should be accurate insha’Allah.