Wednesday, 31 October 2012

Reward for Stopping Oppression, Caliph Should Fear Allah, Why The Hour Not Revealed, Prisoner 650 and Duah for Allahs Mercy on Ummah


thefinalmessage|THE FRIDAY NOTE

Weekly Hadith – Reward For Stopping Oppression;
Allah (SWT) says in the Glorious Qur'an:

‘The way (of blame) is only against those who oppress mankind, and wrongfully rebel in the earth. For such there is a painful doom.’
[Qur’an: 42:42]

Further to this, Abdullah ibn Umar (radiAllahu anhu) narrated that Allah's Apostle
(Sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam), said,
"A Muslim is a brother of another Muslim, so he should not oppress him, nor should he hand him over to an oppressor. Whoever fulfilled the needs of his brother, Allah will fulfill his needs; whoever brought his (Muslim) brother out of a discomfort, Allah will bring him out of the discomforts of the Day of Resurrection, and whoever screened a Muslim, Allah will screen him on the Day of Resurrection ."
[Sahih Bukhari: Volume 3, Book 43, Number 622.]

 In today’s age, there is hardly a corner of the world where some sect of Muslims are not being oppressed in one way or another. From physical abuse and domination, to banning and demeaning of Islamic values/Dress, and the suppression of individuals, etc, there are a plethora of examples which we are becoming accustomed to hearing about, and sadly are maybe even becoming somewhat immune to with time.
The extremely unfortunate fact is that this oppression is not only being exercised by non-believers, but quite extensively by Muslims themselves who have lost sight of the reality of this world, and the responsibilities that have been decreed for them towards other Muslims. As is outlined in the above hadith by our beloved Nabi (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam), on the Day of Reckoning we will all be answerable for what we did to relieve the pain of our persecuted brothers and sisters and will be judged accordingly.
This is incentive enough to mobilze our efforts towards endeavouring to make a difference insha'Allah, to the plight of those afflicted. There are a number of legal and official organisations working in aid of the oppressed in Palestine, Iraq, Afghanistan, Kashmir, etc, that brothers can volunteer time for and hence assist in their cause.
Or the very least we can all do is remember those that are being tested in our du'as consistently, that may ar-Rahim (SWT) have His mercy on them, of which there is no limit. Hence all brothers should  try to do their bit insha'Allah, however much that may be.
Further to this, Allah is al-Baseer, al-Khabeer, i.e, the All-Seeing and All-Knowing, and as He has promised in the above Ayat, the perpetrators of this heinous oppression will be brough to justice, if not in this world, then there is certainly no escape in there Hereafter. 


Pearls of Wisdom – Caliph Should Fear Allah; 
"Fear Allah for your own sake. Remember that you were born alone, and you will die alone, will be raised on the Day of Resurrection alone, and you will receive the Judgement alone. No one of your friends or relatives can be of any help at those times."
[Attah ibn Rabbah's (rahimullah)] words to the Ummayad Caliph Hisham ibn Abdul Malik as a reminder to him of the reality of every man's end, regardless of the power or stature that he may enjoy in this world.


Weekly Q&A;
Q. Why did the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) not tell us when the "Hour" would begin?

Praise be to Allaah. 
In the Name of Allah, the most Merciful and Compassionate,

If it is asked: why did Allaah not tell us when the Hour would begin? The answer is that wisdom dictates that the time should be hidden from mankind.

The reason for that is that the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam), was sent with glad tidings of Paradise for those who obey Allaah, and with warnings of Hell for those who disobey Him, and with warnings of the Hour and of Hell and its horrors. The purpose of that can only be achieved if the time of the Hour is concealed, so that the people of every era will fear that it may come upon them. Announcing the time when it will happen would cancel out that benefit and would also have other evil consequences. If the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had told the people: The Hour will come one thousand years from today, for example, you would have seen the liars mocking this idea and persisting in their disbelief, and the doubts of the doubters would have increased. 

So there is great wisdom in concealing the matter of the Hour, as Allaah has also concealed the time of each person’s own “Hour,” meaning his death. 

Al-Aloosi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: Allaah has concealed the knowledge of the Hour because shar’i wisdom and reason dictate that this should be so, because that is more effective in calling people to obey Him and putting them off disobeying Him. Similarly he has also concealed the lifespan of each person. The verses indicate that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not know when the Hour would begin. Yes, he knew that it was close in general terms, and he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told us of that. 

So the believers must fear that Day and their fear should make them aware that Allaah is always watching what they do. So they should adhere to what is true and seek what is good, and they should fear evil and sin, and they should not make the Hour the focus only of disputes and arguments.

It is by Allaah’s mercy towards His creation that He has told them of signs which will indicate that the onset of the Hour is approaching, so that that will motivate them to do righteous deeds and fear Allaah, and avoid haraam things. Every time they see one of its signs, their fear of the Hour and its horrors will increase, as will their certainty that it is at hand, so they will prepare for it by doing more righteous deeds. 

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Do they then await (anything) other than the Hour that it should come upon them suddenly? But some of its portents (indications and signs) have already come”
[Muhammad 47:18] 

This is also indicated by the report narrated by [Muslim (2947)], that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Hasten to do good deeds before six things come to pass: the rising of the sun from the west, the smoke, the Dajjaal, the Beast, and that which will come to each one of you alone, and that which will affect everyone.”
[Narrated by Muslim, 2947]

This means: try to beat the six signs that the Hour has begun, and hasten to do righteous deeds before they come to pass, for good deeds done after they appear will not be accepted and will not count. “That which will come to each one of you alone” refers to death. “That which will affect everyone” means the Resurrection. 

Al-Qaadi said: He commanded them to hasten to do righteous deeds before these signs came to pass, for when they come they will dazzle people and will distract them from doing anything, or will close the door of repentance and acceptance of deeds to them. 

We ask Allaah to help us to make the most of our time in obeying Him.
And Allaah (SWT) knows best.



Weekly Suggested Good Deed – Spare a du'a for Prisoner 650 (Our Sister)...
On the 3rd of February 2010, one of our sisters in Islam, Dr.Aafia Siddiqui, (aka Prisoner 650) was charged as guilty to offences against the US Army by a US Federal Court.
International Human Rights organisations and Legal experts have expressed their sever consternation and disappointment regarding the verdict, which they have widely described as baseless. Their view is that this perplexing decision has been made on the back of scattered and contradictory evidence, with no apparent compelling factors from which this judgement could have been deduced.
During her extensive 7-year ordeal and in her official confinement along with her 3 children (one of whom has alledgedly died in custody), Dr.Aafia has been subjected to relentless physical, psychological and emotional abuse, details of which cannot be articulated due to their inexplicably intensive nature.
We should all insha'Allah make an effort to educate ourselves regarding the story of Dr.Aafia, and if nothing else, at least make du’a for her, for as has been confirmed by our beloved Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam), du’a is the only weapon that can change that which has been pre-destined. Ultimately the decision remains with our Rabb al-'Adl (SWT), who is Most Just, and will undoubtedly serve justice as it should be served in His Highest of Courts, Ameen.



Dua of the Week;
Supplication recited for Allah's Mercy on the Ummah:

It is reported that Rasulullah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam), sent 70 Sahaaba (radiAllahu anhu) who were of Qurraa. The tribe of Banu-Sulaym surrounded these Sahaaba (radiAllahu anhu) by a place called Bir Maâoona and murdered them. Jibraaeel (Alayhi Salam) informed Rasulullah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) of the incident & conveyed to him the heartfelt message of the Qurraa: “Inform our people that we met our Rabb. He was pleased with us & (in turn) pleased us”.
This incident caused great grief to Rasulullah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam). Abdullah ibn Masood (radiAllahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam), recited Qunoot Naazila for one month continuously cursing the tribe of Bani Sulaym.
[Bukhari]

 In view of the above, the Fuqahaa have ruled that in a crisis, the Muslims should follow the Sunnah of Qunoot & make Dua for the Ummah. Once again we are in crisis & we should resort to the Sunnah practice.

Transliteration:
“Allaahumma ihdini feeman hadayta wa ‘aafini feeman ‘aafayta wa tawallani feeman tawallayta wa baarik li feema a’tayta, wa qini sharra ma qadayta , fa innaka taqdi wa la yuqda ‘alayk, wa innahu laa yadhillu man waalayta wa laa ya’izzu man ‘aadayta, tabaarakta Rabbana wa ta’aalayta la munji minka illa ilayk”

Translation:
(O Allaah, guide me among those whom You have guided, pardon me among those whom You have pardoned, turn to me in friendship among those on whom You have turned in friendship, and bless me in what You have bestowed, and save me from the evil of what You have decreed. For verily You decree and none can influence You; and he is not humiliated whom You have befriended, nor is he honoured who is Your enemy. Blessed are You, O Lord, and Exalted. There is no place of safety from You except with You).”
(Narrated by Abu Dawood, 1213; al-Nasaa’i, 1725; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Irwa’, 429).


Transliteration:
“Allaahumma inna nasta’eenuka wa nu’minu bika, wa natawakkalu ‘alayka wa nuthni ‘alayka al-khayr, wa laa nakfuruka. Allaahumma iyyaaka na’budu wa laka nusalli wa nasjudu, wa ilayka nas’aa wa nahfid. Narju rahmataka wa nakhsha ‘adhaabaka, inna ‘adhaabaka al-jadd bil kuffaari mulhaq. Allaahumma ‘adhdhib il-kafarata ahl al-kitaab alladheena yasuddoona ‘an sabeelika

Translation:
(O Allaah, verily we seek Your help, we believe in You, we put our trust in You and we praise You and we are not ungrateful to You. O Allaah, You alone we worship and to You we pray and prostrate, for Your sake we strive. We hope for Your mercy and fear Your punishment, for Your punishment will certainly reach the disbelievers. O Allaah, punish the infidels of the People of the Book who are preventing others from following Your way).”
[Narrated by al-Bayhaqi, 2/210; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Irwa’, 2/170. Al-Albaani said: This was reported from ‘Umar concerning Qunoot in Fajr, and it seems that this Qunoot is Qunoot al-Naazilah (Qunoot at times of calamity) as is indicated by his praying against the kuffaar]



Email: thefridaynote@gmail.com

Wednesday, 24 October 2012

Eid ul Adha



thefinalmessage|THE FRIDAY NOTE

Eid – Details of Eid;
In the Name of Allah, Most Merciful and Compassionate.

All praise is to Allah, Lord of the Worlds.

And the blessings and peace of Allah be upon His Chosen Messenger, the Prophet Muhammad, his family, companions, and followers.

Islam has two major holidays, Eid al-Fitr (Post-Fasting Festival) and Eid al-Adha.

The word Eid itself is an Arabic word, whose root connotation is ‘that which comes back, time after time, and rejoicing.’ Its particular usage in Islam, for the two major holidays, is because these two days are meant to be days of rejoicing.

The Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “They are days of eating, drinking, and remembrance of God.” [Reported by Bukhari in his Sahih, an authoritative collection of the sayings of the Prophet.]


Eid – Sunnahs of Eid;
Sunnahs of Eid
1 – Doing ghusl before going out to the prayer.
2 – Eating before going out to pray on Eid al-Fitr and after the prayer on Eid al-Adha:
3 – Takbeer on the day of Eid (Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, laa ilaaha ill-Allaah, wa Allaahu akbar, Allaah akbar, wa Lillaah il-hamd)
4 – Offering congratulations
5 – Adorning oneself on the occasion of Eid.
6 – Going to the prayer by one route and returning by another.
(If you would like the evidence for any of these sunnans please let us know, for the sake of keeping the email concise removed the hadith etc)


***Notes for Eid ul Adha specifically and days of Hajj***

**Takbeer-e-Tashreek**

Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar. Laa ilaaha illallaahu wallaahu Akbar. Allaahu Akbar walillaahil hamd

Translation: "Allah is most great. Allah is most great. There is no Deity besides Allah and Allah is most Great. Allah is most Great and Verily all praises are for Allah."

For the followers of HANAFI FIQH It is waajib to recite this Takbeer audibly once after every Fard Salaat from the morning of the ninth of Dhul Hijjah (Day of Arafah) till the Asr Salaat of the thirteenth of Dhul Hijjah. It is waajib on both male and female. Females should not say the Takbeeraat loudly but softly.


Eid on Friday;
Do you have to pray Salatul Jumu’ah if Eid falls on a Friday?

Hanafi, Shafi’I and Maliki Madhab you DO still have to attend the Jumuah Salaat (general ruling) source http://qa.sunnipath.com/issue_view.asp?ID=1594

Hanbali Madhab, it is not obligatory to attend the jumuah source: http://islamqa.info/en/ref/7857

And Allah knows best



Email: thefridaynote@gmail.com

Thursday, 18 October 2012

Forgive Debts, Tawaqqul in Allah, Punishment, Appreciate Food and Duah for Sick



thefinalmessage|THE FRIDAY NOTE

Weekly Hadith – Forgive Debts;
The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam), said, “There was once a merchant who would sell on credit. Whenever he saw someone who didn’t have enough money to pay him back, he would tell his servants, “Forgive his debt; perhaps Allah will then forgive us,” and Allah forgave him.”  [Bukhari] 

Other transmissions of this hadith mention that this merchant had no good deeds to his credit except that he used to forgive people their debts in the hope that Allah would forgive his sins. Ibn Hajar al-`Asqalani said, “This hadith indicates that when a small amount of good deeds are performed sincerely for Allah, they erase large amounts of bad deeds.” [Fath al-Bari]
Many Ulema have given the opinion that while Zakat is the Fardh amongst what one distributes from one's wealth, Sadaqah is the Sunnah, and providing loans to fellow Muslims to ease their difficulty at a time of need is equivalent to Nafal ibaadah. As we can see from the beautiful narration of our Nabi (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam), it is even better to forgive these loans for the sake of earning further pleasure of Allah (SWT) . May He accept this from us, and replace it with much better rewards in the Hereafter insha'Allah,  Ameen.


Pearls of Wisdom – Tawaqqul in Allah; 
"A person may hope for some matter of trade or position of authority, until he is close to attaining it. Thereupon Allah looks at him and says to His angels: ‘Divert it from him, for if he attains it I shall enter him into the Hellfire.’ Thus, Allah diverts it from him and the slave of Allah remains pessimistic, saying ‘So and so preceded me to it, So and so outwitted me,’ when in fact it is a favour from Allah."  [ibn Masud (radiAllahu anhu)]


Weekly Q&A;
Q. Is the punishment of Allah (SWT) a consequence of our own sins?

Praise be to Allaah. 
In the Name of Allah, the most Merciful and Compassionate,

Undoubtedly committing sin is one of the causes of Allaah’s wrath and of loss of blessing and withholding of rain and being overtaken by the enemy. Allaah says (interpretation of the meanings):

 “And indeed We punished the people of Fir‘awn (Pharaoh) with years of drought and shortness of fruits (crops), that they might remember (take heed)”
[al-A’raaf 7:130]

“So We punished each (of them) for his sins, of them were some on whom We sent Haasib (a violent wind with shower of stones) [as on the people of Loot (Lot)], and of them were some who were overtaken by As-Sayhah [torment — awful cry, (as Thamood or Shu‘ayb’s people)], and of them were some whom We caused the earth to swallow [as Qaaroon (Korah)], and of them were some whom We drowned [as the people of Nooh (Noah), or Fir‘awn (Pharaoh) and his people]. It was not Allaah Who wronged them, but they wronged themselves”
[al-‘Ankaboot 29:40]

There are many similar aayahs. And it was narrated in a saheeh hadeeth that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “A person may be deprived of provision because of sins that he commits.” So each Muslim man and woman must beware of sin, and must repent from sins that they have committed in the past, whilst also thinking positively about Allaah, hoping for His forgiveness and fearing His wrath and punishment.

Allaah says in His Holy Book about His righteous slaves:

“Verily, they used to hasten on to do good deeds, and they used to call on Us with hope and fear, and used to humble themselves before Us”
[al-Anbiya’ 21:90 – interpretation of the meaning]

And Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Those whom they call upon [like ‘Eesa (Jesus) - son of Maryam (Mary), ‘Uzayr (Ezra), angel and others] desire (for themselves) means of access to their Lord (Allaah), as to which of them should be the nearest; and they [‘Eesa (Jesus), ‘Uzayr (Ezra), angels and others] hope for His Mercy and fear His Torment. Verily, the Torment of your Lord is (something) to be afraid of!”
[al-Isra’ 17:57]

“The believers, men and women, are Awliyaa’ (helpers, supporters, friends, protectors) of one another; they enjoin (on the people) Al-Ma‘roof (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden); they perform As-Salaah (Iqaamat-as-Salaah), and give the Zakaah, and obey Allaah and His Messenger. Allaah will have His Mercy on them. Surely, Allaah is All-Mighty, All-Wise”
[al-Tawbah 9:71]

It is prescribed, however, for Muslim men and women also to pursue the means that Allaah has permitted, placing their hope in Him and fearing Him, pursuing the means whilst also putting their trust in Allaah and depending on Him to bring what they hope for and keep them safe from what they fear, for He is the Ever-Responsive and Most Generous who says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And whosoever fears Allaah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty). And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine”
[al-Talaaq 65:2-3]

“and whosoever fears Allaah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make his matter easy for him”
[al-Talaaq 65:4]

“And all of you beg Allaah to forgive you all, O believers, that you may be successful”
 [al-Noor 24:31]

So you must repent to Allaah from whatever sins you have committed in the past and be steadfast in obeying Allaah, whilst thinking positively of Him and fearing His wrath. Be of good cheer and have the hope of a good end.

And Allaah (SWT) knows best.


Weekly Suggested Good Deed – Appreciate Food
If we ask ourselves the question, many of will admit to the fact that we take for granted the food that our Rabb Ar-Razzaq (SWT) has provided for us. Every grain that we consume has been written as part of our sustenance by Allah (SWT), but surely enough, we often forget to thank Him for this blessing.
Amongst us are fussy eaters, those that complain about their food, and those that do not hesitate for a second while wasting it.
A narration from Abu Hurairah (radiAllahu anhu) states that 'The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) never criticised food. If he liked it he ate it, and if he disliked it he left it' (Agreed upon). Further to this, our Rabb Al-Haseeb (SWT), will ask us about the bounties that He blessed us with on the Day of Reckoning, as He states in Surah Takathur, 'Then on that Day you shall be asked about the delights (you indulged in, in this world)' [101:8]
So the next time you eat a morself of food, take a moment to reflect upon the fact that it has been provided for you by your Creator, Al-Khaliq (SWT), as part of your Rizq, and recognise His favour upon you. Without a doubt, if this is done with a sincere intention, insha'Allah it will be a taste you will never have experienced before, and the heart will consequently emanate shukr.


Dua of the Week;
Supplication recited when visiting the sick:

Transliteration: 
"La ba'sa tahooran 'insha'Allah." (MBukhari, cf Al-Asqalani Fathul Bari 10/118)

Translation:
"Do not worry, it will be a purification (for you), Allah Willing."


Transliteration: 
“As'alullahal - Adheema Rabbal-'Arshil-'Adheemi'an yashfiyaka" (At-Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud)

Translation:
"I ask Almightly Allah, Lord of the Magnificent Throne, to make you well" (recite 7 times in Arabic)

It has been reported through the books of hadith that both of these du'as were recited by the Prophet Muhammad (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) when he visited the sick for their well-being.



Email: thefridaynote@gmail.com