Thursday, 18 October 2012

Forgive Debts, Tawaqqul in Allah, Punishment, Appreciate Food and Duah for Sick

thefinalmessage|THE FRIDAY NOTE

Weekly Hadith – Forgive Debts;
The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam), said, “There was once a merchant who would sell on credit. Whenever he saw someone who didn’t have enough money to pay him back, he would tell his servants, “Forgive his debt; perhaps Allah will then forgive us,” and Allah forgave him.”  [Bukhari] 

Other transmissions of this hadith mention that this merchant had no good deeds to his credit except that he used to forgive people their debts in the hope that Allah would forgive his sins. Ibn Hajar al-`Asqalani said, “This hadith indicates that when a small amount of good deeds are performed sincerely for Allah, they erase large amounts of bad deeds.” [Fath al-Bari]
Many Ulema have given the opinion that while Zakat is the Fardh amongst what one distributes from one's wealth, Sadaqah is the Sunnah, and providing loans to fellow Muslims to ease their difficulty at a time of need is equivalent to Nafal ibaadah. As we can see from the beautiful narration of our Nabi (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam), it is even better to forgive these loans for the sake of earning further pleasure of Allah (SWT) . May He accept this from us, and replace it with much better rewards in the Hereafter insha'Allah,  Ameen.

Pearls of Wisdom – Tawaqqul in Allah; 
"A person may hope for some matter of trade or position of authority, until he is close to attaining it. Thereupon Allah looks at him and says to His angels: ‘Divert it from him, for if he attains it I shall enter him into the Hellfire.’ Thus, Allah diverts it from him and the slave of Allah remains pessimistic, saying ‘So and so preceded me to it, So and so outwitted me,’ when in fact it is a favour from Allah."  [ibn Masud (radiAllahu anhu)]

Weekly Q&A;
Q. Is the punishment of Allah (SWT) a consequence of our own sins?

Praise be to Allaah. 
In the Name of Allah, the most Merciful and Compassionate,

Undoubtedly committing sin is one of the causes of Allaah’s wrath and of loss of blessing and withholding of rain and being overtaken by the enemy. Allaah says (interpretation of the meanings):

 “And indeed We punished the people of Fir‘awn (Pharaoh) with years of drought and shortness of fruits (crops), that they might remember (take heed)”
[al-A’raaf 7:130]

“So We punished each (of them) for his sins, of them were some on whom We sent Haasib (a violent wind with shower of stones) [as on the people of Loot (Lot)], and of them were some who were overtaken by As-Sayhah [torment — awful cry, (as Thamood or Shu‘ayb’s people)], and of them were some whom We caused the earth to swallow [as Qaaroon (Korah)], and of them were some whom We drowned [as the people of Nooh (Noah), or Fir‘awn (Pharaoh) and his people]. It was not Allaah Who wronged them, but they wronged themselves”
[al-‘Ankaboot 29:40]

There are many similar aayahs. And it was narrated in a saheeh hadeeth that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “A person may be deprived of provision because of sins that he commits.” So each Muslim man and woman must beware of sin, and must repent from sins that they have committed in the past, whilst also thinking positively about Allaah, hoping for His forgiveness and fearing His wrath and punishment.

Allaah says in His Holy Book about His righteous slaves:

“Verily, they used to hasten on to do good deeds, and they used to call on Us with hope and fear, and used to humble themselves before Us”
[al-Anbiya’ 21:90 – interpretation of the meaning]

And Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Those whom they call upon [like ‘Eesa (Jesus) - son of Maryam (Mary), ‘Uzayr (Ezra), angel and others] desire (for themselves) means of access to their Lord (Allaah), as to which of them should be the nearest; and they [‘Eesa (Jesus), ‘Uzayr (Ezra), angels and others] hope for His Mercy and fear His Torment. Verily, the Torment of your Lord is (something) to be afraid of!”
[al-Isra’ 17:57]

“The believers, men and women, are Awliyaa’ (helpers, supporters, friends, protectors) of one another; they enjoin (on the people) Al-Ma‘roof (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden); they perform As-Salaah (Iqaamat-as-Salaah), and give the Zakaah, and obey Allaah and His Messenger. Allaah will have His Mercy on them. Surely, Allaah is All-Mighty, All-Wise”
[al-Tawbah 9:71]

It is prescribed, however, for Muslim men and women also to pursue the means that Allaah has permitted, placing their hope in Him and fearing Him, pursuing the means whilst also putting their trust in Allaah and depending on Him to bring what they hope for and keep them safe from what they fear, for He is the Ever-Responsive and Most Generous who says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And whosoever fears Allaah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty). And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine”
[al-Talaaq 65:2-3]

“and whosoever fears Allaah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make his matter easy for him”
[al-Talaaq 65:4]

“And all of you beg Allaah to forgive you all, O believers, that you may be successful”
 [al-Noor 24:31]

So you must repent to Allaah from whatever sins you have committed in the past and be steadfast in obeying Allaah, whilst thinking positively of Him and fearing His wrath. Be of good cheer and have the hope of a good end.

And Allaah (SWT) knows best.

Weekly Suggested Good Deed – Appreciate Food
If we ask ourselves the question, many of will admit to the fact that we take for granted the food that our Rabb Ar-Razzaq (SWT) has provided for us. Every grain that we consume has been written as part of our sustenance by Allah (SWT), but surely enough, we often forget to thank Him for this blessing.
Amongst us are fussy eaters, those that complain about their food, and those that do not hesitate for a second while wasting it.
A narration from Abu Hurairah (radiAllahu anhu) states that 'The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) never criticised food. If he liked it he ate it, and if he disliked it he left it' (Agreed upon). Further to this, our Rabb Al-Haseeb (SWT), will ask us about the bounties that He blessed us with on the Day of Reckoning, as He states in Surah Takathur, 'Then on that Day you shall be asked about the delights (you indulged in, in this world)' [101:8]
So the next time you eat a morself of food, take a moment to reflect upon the fact that it has been provided for you by your Creator, Al-Khaliq (SWT), as part of your Rizq, and recognise His favour upon you. Without a doubt, if this is done with a sincere intention, insha'Allah it will be a taste you will never have experienced before, and the heart will consequently emanate shukr.

Dua of the Week;
Supplication recited when visiting the sick:

"La ba'sa tahooran 'insha'Allah." (MBukhari, cf Al-Asqalani Fathul Bari 10/118)

"Do not worry, it will be a purification (for you), Allah Willing."

“As'alullahal - Adheema Rabbal-'Arshil-'Adheemi'an yashfiyaka" (At-Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud)

"I ask Almightly Allah, Lord of the Magnificent Throne, to make you well" (recite 7 times in Arabic)

It has been reported through the books of hadith that both of these du'as were recited by the Prophet Muhammad (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) when he visited the sick for their well-being.


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