Thursday, 15 November 2012

Weight of the Shahaada, Use of Time, Etiquettes of Sneezing, Exercise and Duah for Acceptance of Deeds



thefinalmessage|THE FRIDAY NOTE

Weekly Hadith – The Weight Of The Shahaada;
Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri (radiAllahu anhu) narrated that Allah's Messenger (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam), said:
'Musa (Alayhi Salam) said, 'O my Rabb, teach me something through which I can remember You and supplicate to You.' Allah (SWT) answered, 'Say, O Musa, laa ilaaha ill Allah.'
Musa said, 'O my Rabb, all of Your slaves say these words', to which Allah (SWT) replied, 'O Musa, if the seven Heavens and all that they contain other than Me, and the seven Earths aswell, were all put on one side of a scale and 'laa ilaaha ill Allah' put on the other, the latter would outweight them.' [Ibn Hibaan, Al-Haakim]

In this narration, Allah (SWT) teaches Musa (Alayhi Salam) the great virtue of the saying of Tawheed, and the stature and weight of proclaiming the Shahaada. From a narration of our beloved Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam), we know that the Hellfire is forbidden for a person who truly testifies the Shahaada. Hence scholars have deduced that entry to Jannah is a certainty for such an individual, albeit the time and point at which this will happen is dependent on his actions and obedience to Allah (SWT) in this world. Tawheed wipes away one's sins and is described as the key to Jannah.

May our Rabb al-Mateen, enable us to recognise the true power of the Shahaada every time we recite it, keep us away from all forms of Shirk (associating partners), and enhance the rigidity in our hearts and actions with which we affirm to His Oneness. Ameen.


Pearls of Wisdom – Use Your Time For Good Deeds Only; 
“There are many people who are given time (by Allah) through good treatment towards them, and many get into deception because their sinful activities are veiled (by Allah) and many get smitten by good talk about themselves. And Allah does not try anyone as seriously as He tries him whom He allows time (to remain sinful).”
[Ali ibn Abi Talib (radiAllahu anhu)]


Weekly Q&A;
Q. What is the recommended way of addressing one who sneezes and the response?

Praise be to Allaah. 
In the Name of Allah, the most Merciful and Compassionate,

Different forms of the sneezer praising Allaah and responding to the one who says “May Allaah have mercy on you” have been narrated.

[Al-Bukhaari (6224)] narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When one of you sneezes, let him say, ‘Al-hamdu-Lillaah (Praise be to Allaah),’ and let his brother or companion say to him. ‘Yarhamuk Allaah (May Allaah have mercy on you).’ If he says, ‘Yarhamuk-Allaah,’ then let (the sneezer) say, ‘Yahdeekum Allaah wa yuslihu baalakum (May Allaah guide you and rectify your condition).’” 

[Imam al-Bukhaari] narrated in al-Adab al-Mufrad (5033) from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When one of you sneezes, let him say, ‘Al-hamdu-Lillaah ‘ala kulli haal (Praise be to Allaah in all situations),’ and let his brother or companion say to him, ‘Yarhamuk Allaah (May Allaah have mercy on you).’ If he says, ‘Yarhamuk-Allaah,’ then let (the sneezer say, ‘Yahdeekum Allaah wa yuslihu baalakum (May Allaah guide you and rectify your condition).’” Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood. 

[Abu Dawood (5031) and al-Tirmidhi (2740)] narrated that Saalim ibn ‘Ubayd (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When one of you sneezes, let him say, ‘Al-hamdu-Lillaah Rabb il-‘Aalameen (Praise be to Allaah the Lord of the Worlds),’ and let the one who responds to him say, ‘Yarhamuk Allaah (May Allaah have mercy on you),’ and let him say, ‘Yaghfir Allaahu lana wa lakum (May Allaah have mercy on us and you.” (Classed as da’eef by al-Albaani in Da’eef Abi Dawood. But he classed it as saheeh in Saheeh al-Adab al-Mufrad (715) with a mawqoof isnaad that stopped at ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him). 

 It was narrated that Abu Hamzah said: I heard Ibn ‘Abbaas saying when someone said ‘Yarhamuk Allaah (May Allaah have mercy on you)’ to him: “ ‘Aafaana Allaah wa iyyaakum min al-naar, yarhamukum Allaah (May Allaah save us and you from the Fire; may Allaah have mercy on you).” [Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Adab al-Mufrad, 955.]

Maalik narrated in al-Muwatta’ (1800) from Naafi’ that if ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) sneezed and it was said to him, “Yarhamuk Allaah (may Allaah have mercy on you),’ he would say, “Yarhamuna Allaahu wa iyyaakum wa yaghfir lana wa lakum (may Allaah have mercy on us and you, may He forgive us and you).” Al-Nawawi said in Sharh Muslim .  

Al-Qaadi said: The scholars differed as to how one should praise Allaah or respond, and there are varying reports concerning that. It was said that he should say, “Al-hamdu Lillaah (praise be to Allaah)”, or “Al-hamdu-Lillaah Rabb il-‘Aalameen (Praise be to Allaah the Lord of the Worlds)”, or “Al-hamdu-Lillaah ‘ala kulli haal (Praise be to Allaah in all situations)”. Ibn Jareer said: He has the choice between all of these. This is the correct view, but they are agreed that he is enjoined to praise Allaah. 

He said: And they differed as to how the sneezer is to respond to the one who says “Yarhamuk Allaah.” It was said that he should say, “Yahdeekum Allaah wa yuslihu baalakum (May Allaah guide you and rectify your condition),” or that he should say, “Yaghfir Allaahu lana wa lakum (May Allaah forgive us and you).” Maalik and al-Shaafa’i said: He has the choice between these two options. This is the correct view, and the ahaadeeth which mention them are saheeh. End quote 

Conclusion: The phrases used to praise Allaah have been narrated in various forms:

Al-hamdu Lillaah (praise be to Allaah)

Al-hamdu-Lillaah ‘ala kulli haal (Praise be to Allaah in all situations)

Al-hamdu-Lillaah Rabb il-‘Aalameen (Praise be to Allaah the Lord of the Worlds)

The phrases used to pray for mercy for the sneezer have also been narrated in various forms:

Yahdeekum Allaah wa yuslihu baalakum (May Allaah guide you and rectify your condition)

Yaghfir Allaahu lana wa lakum (May Allaah forgive us and you)

‘Aafaana Allaah wa iyyaakum min al-naar, yarhamukum Allaah (May Allaah save us and you from the Fire; may Allaah have mercy on you)

Yarhamuna Allaahu wa iyyaakum wa yaghfir lana wa lakum (may Allaah have mercy on us and you, may He forgive us and you)

All of these are saheeh and the Muslim may choose whichever of them he wants.
And Allaah (SWT) knows best.


Weekly Suggested Good Deed – Exercise;
Many of us forget that a significant amount of focus is put on one taking care of their bodies and health in our beautiful deen.
The Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) and Sahaaba (radiAllahu anhuma) we naturally very physically fit due to the distances that they would cover by foot, and manual work that they undertook in their everyday lives.
Our bodies are a gift from Allah (SWT), and we will be accountable for how we use them. And for those brothers and sister who think that they can use the excuse of having to spending time with their spouses, you may have to think again; for Ayesha (radiAllahu anha) related,

"I raced with the Prophet (peace and blessings be on him) and beat him in the race. Later, when I had put on some weight, we raced again and he won. Then he said, 'This cancels that,' referring to the previous occasion."
[Reported by Ahmad.]

Hence we should establish regular exercise in our routine lives. While bad health and disease is often beyond our control, we must take the precautions available to us to maintain our physical health. Insha'Allah if we 'tie our camel' in our affairs, as our Beloved Messenger (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) advised, our Rabb al-Qawi will give us the strength and committment to carry them through insha'Allah.


Dua of the Week;
Supplication recited to request Allah's Acceptance of our Good Deeds:

Transliteration:
"Rabbana taqabbal minnaa innaka antas-samee'ul-'Aleem."

Translation:
"Our Lord! Accept (this service) from us. Truly! You are the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.”

This du'a was narrated by Ibrahim (Alayhi Salam) and his son, Isma'il (Alayhi Salam), as they laid the foundations of the Holy Ka'abah at Makkah to have their actions in Allah's (SWT) way accepted. May our Rabb al-'Aziz accept any good that we do to please Him, and in return ease our plight in this Dunyah and Aakhirah, Ameen.



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