Thursday, 27 December 2012

Modesty in Speech, Hope for Forgiveness, Zakat in Excess, Brush Your Teeth, Remove Fear and Unrest Duah



thefinalmessage|THE FRIDAY NOTE

Weekly Hadith – Modesty In Speech;

Our beloved Prophet (SAW) said, “Modesty and being at a loss for words are two components of true faith, while vulgarity and long-windedness are two components of hypocrisy."
[Tirmidhi]

Sometimes what others say leaves us speechless. Convincing speakers get a mixture of both admiration and dislike from others. People admire them because they have the ability to immediately convey what they wish. They are disliked because we sense an element of fallaciousness in their talk and their quick responses do not allow others a chance to express their points of view.

Situations like this sometimes arise when people are being accused of something. This hadith is good news for you if you are one of those who are modest and restrained in your responses and perhaps sometimes at a loss for words when in the right.



Pearls of Wisdom – Hope For Forgiveness; 
‘When my heart was hardened, and my courses constrained; I made my hope a stairway, to Your forgiveness. My sin burdened me heavily, but when I measured it by Your forgiveness, Lord, Your forgiveness was the greater’

[Imam Shafi'i (rahimAllah) in his final sickness]



Weekly Q&A;
Q. Can one deduct any overpayments in Zakat made in previous periods from the current amount payable?

Praise be to Allaah. 
In the Name of Allah, the most Merciful and Compassionate,

If a person pays zakaah more than the amount that is required of him, the extra amount is regarded as charity (sadaqah) for which he will be rewarded, because Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And whoever does good voluntarily, then verily, Allaah is All-Recogniser, All-Knower”
[al-Baqarah 2:158]

It is the same whether this additional amount was given deliberately or by mistake. But he cannot count this additional amount as zakaah for the coming years, because one of the conditions of giving zakaah in advance is that it should be intended as such at the time of giving it.

Imam al-Shaafa‘i mentioned an issue that is similar to this: a man paid the zakaah on his wealth before the end of the year, then his wealth was destroyed before zakaah became due on it, and he wanted to allocate the wealth he had paid as zakaah on other wealth that he had: is that acceptable?
Imam al-Shaafa‘i said: He does not have the right to do that, because his intention was to pay it as zakaah on specific wealth that he had. So he does not have the right to divert his intention concerning it after paying the money to those who were entitled to it.
[From al-Umm, 2/24]

Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Uthaymeen (May Allah have mercy on him) was asked: I paid twenty thousand riyals as zakaah for the year 1411 AH, then I calculated the zakaah on my wealth for the same year, and I found that it was fifteen thousand. Is it permissible to regard the extra amount as zakaah for the year 1412 AH, even if that is without intention (niyyah)?
He replied:
This questioner paid more zakaah than was required of him, and he is asking whether he can count it towards the zakaah of the next year.
I say that he cannot count it towards the zakaah of the next year, because he did not intend it as such. Rather it is charity (sadaqah) which will bring him closer to Allah, may He be Glorified and Exalted, because the Prophet (Blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Actions are but by intentions, and each person will have but that which he intended.”
[ Majmoo‘ Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 18/308]

And Allaah (SWT) knows best.



Weekly Suggested Good Deed – Brush Your Teeth/ Use Miswaak;
Ibn Umar (RadiAllahu anhuma) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said:
'Make a regular practice of the Miswaak, for verily, it is healthy for the mouth and it is a Pleasure for the Creator (i.e. Allah is pleased with the Muslim who uses the Miswaak)'." 
[BUKHARI 2/274, AHMAD 6/47, AL-NISAA'I 1/50]

It is reported that our Beloved Prophet  used to regulary use Miswaak before sleeping, praying, and also while on his way home before greeting his wives (radiAllahu anhuma). Hence not only will we be maintaining our personal hygiene by brushing our teeth regularly and at various times during the day, but we will also be fulfilling a highly emphasised Sunnah of the Prophet  , and hence earn the Pleasure of Allah through it insha’Allah,as is confirmed in the given hadith.
May Allah (SWT) enable us to adhere to this wonderful Sunnah, and through it reward us accordingly in this world by keeping us away from the dreaded dentist’s chair!



Dua of the Week;
Supplication to remove fear from the heart, or unrest/apprehension during sleep:

عـوذُبِكَلِمـاتِ اللّهِ التّـامّـاتِ مِن غَضَـبِهِ وَعِـقابِهِ ، وَشَـرِّ عِبـادِهِ وَمِنْ هَمَـزاتِ الشَّـياطينِ وَأَنْ يَحْضـرون

Transliteration:
"A'oothu bikalimaatil-laahit-tammaati min ghadhabihi wa 'iqaabihi, wa sharri 'ibaadihi, wa min hamazaatish-shayaateeni wa'an yahduroon"

Translation:
'I seek refuge in the Perfect Words of Allah, from His anger and His punishment, from the evil of the slaves, and from the taunts of devils and from their presence’

This du'a was recommended by the Prophet   to remove fear from the heart, or for one who experiences unrest during sleep.
[Abu Dawud 4/12, Tirmidhi 3/171]



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