Thursday, 20 December 2012

Our Children Our Future, Educating Children, Travellers Shortening Prayers, Sunnah of Sneezing, Waking Up Duah

thefinalmessage|THE FRIDAY NOTE

Weekly Hadith – Our Children Our Future;

Our beloved Prophet   said, “Fear Allah and treat your children [small or grown] fairly (with equal justice).”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Narrated Umm Khalid: I (the daughter of Khalid ibn Said) went to Allah’s Messenger (SAW) with my father and I was wearing a yellow shirt. Allah’s Messenger   said, “Sanah, Sanah!” (`Abdullah, the narrator, said that sanah meant “good” in the Ethiopian language). I then started playing with the seal of prophethood (between the Prophet’s shoulders) and my father rebuked me harshly for that. Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “Leave her.” The Prophet (SAW), then, invoked Allah to grant her a long life thrice.

In another narration we see the Prophet’s tolerance towards children.
Narrated `A’ishah: The Prophet (SAW) took a child in his lap…and then the child urinated on him, so he asked for water and poured it over the place of the urine.

All of the above examples of the words and actions of our Prophet (SAW), the best of humanity, demonstrate the level of patience and equity with which we have to treat our children. These are only a very few of the plethora of narrations within the hadith collections of how he would make time for them, treat them with kindness and love, and make du'a for them. They are a blessing bestowed upon us by Allah (Subhana wa ta'aala).  In the earliest years, the soul is most vulnerable. Our great duty as parents, and elders in general, is to nurture it, and preserve it from harm, as through our treatment we are moulding personalities amongst the future of our Ummah. 

Pearls of Wisdom – Educating Children; 
"Seeking knowledge when one is young, is like etching on a stone" [In other words, the knowledge which one memorises when one is young will be so strong in one's memory, that it is as if it had been etched on a stone]           
[Imam Hasan al-Basri (rahimAllah)]

We should put great emphasis on educating our children on the Deen appropriately from a very early age in accordance with the recommendation in this inspiring quote, as what is learned and memorised in childhood stays with one for life, and I am sure we can all testify to that from our own experiences. 

Weekly Q&A;
Q.What is the reason for the shortening of the prayer while travelling - is it difficulties encountered or travel itself?

Praise be to Allaah. 
In the Name of Allah, the most Merciful and Compassionate,

The reason for shortening the prayers is travel itself regardless of whether or not one encounters any difficulty.
Allaah and His Messenger (SAW) connected the ruling on this matter (shortening of prayers) to travel. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And when you (Muslims) travel in the land, there is no sin on you if you shorten As-Salaah (the prayer) if you fear that the disbelievers may put you in trial (attack you), verily, the disbelievers are ever unto you open enemies”
[al-Nisa 4:101]

And the Prophet (SAW) said: “The prayer when travelling is two rak’ahs.”
[Narrated by al-Nasaa’i, 1420; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Nasaa’i]

The Prophet (SAW) said: “Allaah has waived half the prayer for the traveller.”
[Narrated by al-Nasaa’i, 2275; classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Nasaa’i]

This is also indicated by the fact that it is not permissible for the non-traveller to shorten his prayers even if offering the prayer in full is difficult for him, which indicates that this ruling applies only to travel, not to difficulty.

Some common questions are: If a person travels a long distance by plane, but it only takes two hours or less, can this traveller shorten his prayers and break his fast in Ramadaan or not? Similarly if a person travels by car for two hundred miles or more in two and a half hours, for example, and comes back home in the evening, and he shortens his prayers, is this permissible or is it not permissible unless he faces difficulty and exhaustion when travelling?

The answers: Shortening the prayer when travelling the distances mentioned is Sunnah, and breaking the fast in such cases is a concession that is granted to the traveller, whether it takes him a long time or a short time to cross that distance, and whether that causes him hardship or not, because what is assumed is that travelling involves hardship, even if that does not actually happen. This is the bounty and mercy of Allaah towards His slaves.

And Allaah (SWT) knows best.

Weekly Suggested Good Deed – Fulfil the Sunnah of Sneezing;
Whenever our beloved Rasulullah (SAW) sneezed, he should cover his face with his hands or with a piece of cloth, so that the sound of the sneeze could not be heard too loudly.

Abu Hurairah (RadiAllahu anhuma) narrated that Nabi (SAW) said, ‘If anyone of you sneezes, he should say ‘Al-Hamdulillah’ (Praise be to Allah), and his (Muslim) brother or companion should say to him, ‘Yar-hamuka-l-lah’ (May Allah bestow his Mercy on you). When the latter says ‘Yar-hamuka-llah”, the former should say, ‘Yahdikumul-lah wa Yuslih balakum’ (May Allah give you guidance and improve your condition).” ’
[Bukhari 8:73:243]

SubhanAllah not only is the practice of the Prophet while sneezing a manifestation of the emphasis that Islam puts on good manners, but also the instruction for us to send du'a upon our Muslim brother/sister when they sneeze, is an sign of consideration and mutual respect between Muslims in general. Remembering to adhere to this simple recommended Sunnah earns us Allah's Pleasure and Reward with no effort at all. Hence we should all be mindful of it at all times insha'Allah.

Dua of the Week;
Supplication when waking up in the morning:

الْحَمْدُ للهِ الَّذِي أَحْيَانَا بَعْدَ مَا أَمَاتَنَا، وَإِلَيْهِ النُّشُور 

"Alhamdu lillahil-ladhi ahyaana ba'da ma amaatana wa ilaihin nushur"

''All the thanks are due to Allah Who brought us back to life after He had caused us to die (sleep), and the Return is to Him’

This du'a was recited by the Prophet (SAW) when he would awaken after sleeping.
[Abu Dawud 4/264, Ahmad 2/389]

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