Thursday, 25 April 2013

Deeds Are Lifted, Evil Roots, Making up Missed fasts, Wiping Away Sins, Fasting Duah



thefinalmessage|THE FRIDAY NOTE

Weekly Hadith – Deeds Are Lifted;
Usamah Ibn Zayd (radiAllahu anhu) said: "I said, 'O Messenger of Allah (salAllahu alayhi wasallam), I do not see you fasting in any other month like you fast in Sha'baan.' He said, 'That is a month to which people do not pay attention, between Rajab and Ramadan, and it is a month in which deeds are lifted up to the Lord of the Worlds. I like for my deeds to be lifted up when I am fasting.'"
[Nasa'i]

There are many reported virtues of this month. One of these is confirmed by our Beloved Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasallam) in the above hadith, i.e, the lifting of good deeds to Allah.
Hence inn shaa'Allah we shoud increase our good deeds within this month, and also fast as much as possible in accordance with the Sunnah of our Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasallam).
Not only will this earn us the reward and pleasure of Allah, but it will also help us to  prepare for the month of Ramadan. It was the practice of the Salaf (the pious predecessors) to prepare for Ramadan in advance, and inn shaa'Allah we should emulate their actions by implementing this on ourselves.
May Allah (Subhana wa ta'ala) accept whatever good we do to please Him, and give us the will to take advantage of all the reward-earning opportunities that He presents us with through His boundless Mercy, Ameen.



Pearls of Wisdom – Evil Roots; 
"If the first inward thought is not warded off, it will generate a desire, then the desire will generate a wish, and the wish will generate an intention, and the intention will generate the action, and the action will result in ruin and divine wrath. So evil must be cut off at its root, which is when it is simply a thought that crosses the mind, from which all the other things follow on”.
[Imam abu Hamid al-Ghazzali (rahimAllah)]



Weekly Q&A;
Q. What is the ruling on making up missed fasts from Ramadan?

Praise be to Allaah. 
In the Name of Allah, the most Merciful and Compassionate,

The imams are agreed that whoever does not fast some days of Ramadaan has to make up those days before the next Ramadaan comes.
They quoted as evidence for that the hadeeth [narrated by al-Bukhaari (1950) and Muslim (1146)] from ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) who said: “I used to have fasts that I still owed from Ramadaan, and I could not make them up until Sha’baan, and that was because of the position of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) [as a husband].”
Al-Haafiz said:
It may be understood from her keenness to fast them in Sha’baan that it is not permissible to delay making up fasts until the next Ramadaan begins.

If a person delays making up fasts until Ramadaan begins, one of the following two scenarios must apply: 
1 – The delay is for a reason, such as being sick and the sickness lasting until the following Ramadaan begins. There is no sin on a person for delaying in this case, because he has an excuse, and he only has to make up the days missed. So he should make up the number of days that he did not fast.
2 – There is no reason for the delay, such as when a person was able to make up the fasts but he did not do so before the following Ramadaan began.
This person is sinning by failing to make up the fasts with no excuse. The imams are agreed that he must make up the fasts, but they differed as to whether along with making up the fasts he must also feed one poor person for each day or not.
Maalik, al-Shaafa’i and Ahmad said that he must feed a poor person, and they quoted as evidence for that the reports narrated from some of the Sahaabah such as Abu Hurayrah and Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with them).
Imam Abu Haneefah (may Allaah have mercy on him) was of the view that he does not have to feed a poor person as well as making up the fasts.
He quoted as evidence the fact that Allaah commands the one who does not fast in Ramadaan only to make up the missed fasts, and He did not mention feeding a poor person.

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Sawm (fasts) must be made up] from other days”
[al-Baqarah 2:185]

See al-Majmoo’, 6/366; al-Mughni, 4/400
This second view was also favoured by Imam al-Bukhaari (may Allaah have mercy on him). He said in his Saheeh:
Ibraaheem (i.e., al-Nakha’i) said: If a person neglects (to make up missed fasts) until the next Ramadaan comes, he should fast the missed days of both months. But he did not think that he has to feed a poor person. There was also a mursal report from Abu Hurayrah and Ibn ‘Abbaas which says that he should also feed a poor person.
Then al-Bukhaari said: But Allaah does not mention feeding a poor person, rather He says (interpretation of the meaning):
“…the same number [of days which one did not observe Sawm (fasts) must be made up] from other days”
[al-Baqarah 2:185]

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, when noting that it is not obligatory to feed a poor person:
With regard to the words of the Sahaabah, their use as evidence is subject to further discussion if it goes against the apparent meaning of the Qur’aan. In this case, saying that it is obligatory to feed a poor person goes against the apparent meaning of the Qur’aan, because Allaah only enjoined making up the same number from other days, and He did not mention more than that. Based on this, we should not oblige the slaves of Allaah to do any more than they need to fulfil their duty. But what was narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas and Abu Hurayrah may be interpreted as referring to what is mustahabb, not what is obligatory.
The correct view with regard to this issue is that a person does not have to do anything more than making up the missed fasts, but he is sinning if he delays doing so.
Al-Sharh al-Mumti’, 6/451.

Based on this, then what is obligatory is to make up the fasts only, but if a person wants to be on the safe side and feed one poor person for each day missed, then that is good.
And Allaah is the One Whom we ask to help us to do that which He loves and which pleases Him. 

And Allaah (SWT) knows best.



Weekly Suggested Good Deed – Wiping Away your Sins;
The Messenger of Allah (salAllahu alayhi wasallam) said, “If a person says “SubhanAllah” (glory be to Allah) 100 times, a thousand good deeds are recorded for him and a thousand bad deeds are wiped away.”
[Narrated by Muslim 2073]

Such is the Mercy of Allah that just by praising Him 100 times, a muslim can have a thousand sins erased (one million in another narration). The ease with which this can be completed leaves no tangible excuses for one not to practice this on a regular basis. Insha'Allah we should make the effort the avail these concessions given to us by our Rabb, ar-Rahman, and strive never to return to our sins.



Dua of the Week;
Supplication when Breaking the Fast in someones Home :
                                                                          
أَفْطَـرَ عِنْدَكُم الصّـائِمونَ وَأَكَلَ طَعامَـكُمُ الأبْـرار، وَصَلَّـتْ عَلَـيْكُمُ الملائِكَـة.

Transliteration:
“Aftara AAindakumus-sa-imoon, wa-akala taAAamakumul-abrar, wasallat AAalaykumul-mala-ikah"

Translation:
"May the fasting break their fast in your home, and may the dutiful and pious eat your food, and may the angles send prayers upon you."




Thursday, 18 April 2013

Impact of Minor Sins, Temptation to Sin, Hajj, Reconciler, Duah for Justice



thefinalmessage|THE FRIDAY NOTE

Weekly Hadith – Impact of Minor Sins;
When referring to disobeying His commandments, Allah (Subhana wa ta’ala) says in the Glorious Quran: “You counted it a little thing, while with Allah it was very great.”
[Qur'an 24:15]

Our beloved Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasallam) said, "Beware of the minor sins which are often thought of as insignificant, for they are like a group of people who stopped in the bottom of a valley. One of them brought a stick, and another brought a stick, until they had gathered enough to cook their food. These minor sins, if a person is called to account for them, will destroy him."  
According to another report, he said: "Beware of minor sins, for they will pile up until they destroy a person."
[Ahmad]

Minor sins are acts which are displeasing to Allah but for which no specific punishment or severe warning has been issued. In this case, a Muslim's conscience and heart help him to know that an act is sinful. We often don’t think much of our small disobediences, and are less conscious of refraining from them. However, minor sins can easily lead someone to commit a major sin, and repeatedly committing a minor sin will change its status to that of a major sin. Furthermore, habitual sinning causes a Muslim to lose faith and disregard the commandments of Allah.
Hence we should be just as mindful of not falling into minor sins as we are of abstaining from major sins. The statement of Ibn Masud (radiAllahu anhu) sums up the attitude that a believer should retain towards sinning, when he says, "The believer regards his sin as if he were sitting beneath a mountain which he fears may fall on him, whereas the sinner regards his sin as if a fly lands on his nose and he swipes it away."
May our Rabb, al-Ghafoor, al-Ghaffar, forgive us our sins, both major and minor, which we may have indulged in knowingly or unknowingly, and cement our resolve to abstain from falling into disobedience towards Him through our frailties, Ameen.


Pearls of Wisdom – Tempation to Sin; 
"Avoiding the temptation to sin and being patient upon that, is greater than being patient whilst being afflicted with trials."
[Sheikh-ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (RahimAllah)]


Weekly Q&A;
Q. I performed the obligatory Hajj last year, praise be to Allah. My mother has not done Hajj and she is over 65 years of age. Because of her health and the situation in Egypt, she is not able to do Hajj. My father died this year at the age of 80; he did Hajj twenty years ago. Is it better for me to do Hajj on behalf of my father, for whom I hope for speedy forgiveness from Allah, and I do not want to wait until next year, or should I do Hajj on behalf of my mother who has not done Hajj before? Is it essential for me to take money from her wealth for the expenses of Hajj? Or is it permissible for me to pay for it, even though my mother has enough money for that?

Praise be to Allaah. 
In the Name of Allah, the most Merciful and Compassionate,

If your mother is unable to do Hajj herself for a reason for which there is no hope of an end, and she has enough money to do Hajj, then she should appoint someone to do Hajj

With regard to whether your Hajj this year should be on behalf of your father or your mother:
The answer is that you should do it on behalf of your mother. That is for two reasons:

1. Hajj on behalf of your mother is obligatory, because she has not done Hajj before, whereas Hajj on behalf of your father would be naafil (supererogatory), and what is obligatory takes precedence over what is naafil.
2. If there is a conflict between the rights of the father and the rights of the mother, then the rights of the mother take precedence, because she has three times the rights of the father. That is indicated by the report [narrated by al-Bukhaari (5971) and Muslim (2548)] from Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: A man came to the Messenger of Allaah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and said: Which of the people is most deserving of my good companionship? He said: “Your mother.” He said: Then who? He said: “Then your mother.” He said: Then who? He said: “Then your mother.” He said: Then who? He said: “Then your father.” 

Al-Qurtubi said: What is meant is that the mother is entitled to the greater share of the son’s kindness, and she takes precedence in the case of a conflict with the father’s rights. ‘Iyaad said: The majority are of the view that the mother takes precedence over the father with regard to the son’s kindness. And it was said that their rights are the same, but the former view is more correct. End quote from [Fath al-Baari, 10/402]

With regard to your saying “I asked my mother to be pleased with me in this world and in the Hereafter, and never to be angry, and I asked my brothers to bear witness to that, knowing that I always try to make her pleased with me”, there is nothing wrong with your asking her to be pleased with you in this world. But with regard to asking her to be pleased with you in the Hereafter, this is something that cannot be guaranteed in this world; it is something that one cannot be certain about.

The Hereafter is something unknown (ghayb) and no one can be certain about anything with regard to it.
So continue striving to please her and honour her until you attain that.

 With regard to your father, your du‘aa’ for him is better than doing Hajj on his behalf, so offer a lot of du‘aa’ for him. “and say: ‘My Lord! Bestow on them Your Mercy as they did bring me up when I was young’” [al-Isra’ 17:24].

And Allah is the source of strength; may Allah send blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) and his family and Companions (radiAllahu anhuma). 

And Allaah (SWT) knows best.


Weekly Suggested Good Deed – Be The Reconciler;
The Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) said: “Shall I not tell you of something that is better than fasting, prayer and charity?”They said: Yes.He said: “Reconciling between two people, for the corruption of that which is between the hearts is the shaver (destroyer). It is the shaver, and I do not say that it shaves hair, rather that it shaves religious commitment.”
[al-Tirmidhi - hasan]

Unfortunately we live in a time, where many people have disputes with each other based the most minor of issues, and will stop speaking to each other for a long period of time, and over time what started as a disagreement will grow into resentment. As Muslims, we have been commanded to be unified and reconcile between disputing parties. Think of your own social circle, and if there are any friends you have who have fallen out, then make a point of bringing them together


Dua of the Week;
Dua of Shu'aib (for Justice):                                                                              

                                              رَبَّنَا افْتَحْ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَ قَوْمِنَا بِالْحَقِّ وَأَنتَ خَيْرُ الْفَاتِحِينَ

Transliteration:
Rabbana iftah baynana wabayna qawmina bialhaqqi waanta khayru alfatiheena"

Translation:
“Our Lord! Judge between us and our people in truth, for You are the Best of those who give judgment."
[Surah A'raf, verse 89]



Thursday, 11 April 2013

Maintain Ties of Kinship, Knowledge and Comfort, Fajr Adhaan, Happy When it Rains, Duah when it rains



thefinalmessage|THE FRIDAY NOTE

Weekly Hadith – Maintain Ties For Allah’s Sake;
Allah (Subhana wa ta’ala) says in the Glorious Quran: "And give to the relative his right."
[Surah al-Isra, verse 26]

Abu Hurairah (radiAllahu anhu) narrates that the Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasallam) said, "Whosoever believes in Allaah and the Last Day let him keep the ties of relations." 
[Bukhaaree, 6138]

Relatives are those who are related to you through blood and close-ties; such as the brother, the uncle, the aunt, or their children. Everyone who has a tie of relation with you has certain rights upon you, in accordance with how closely they are related to you. Unfortunately, many people do not fulfil this haqq (right) and transgress the bounds concerning this.
Some of them do not seek to join ties with relatives or show kindness to them; neither through wealth, nor through good behaviour, nor through the giving of occasional gifts and presents, nor through rendering help to them in their times of need. Indeed, many days or months may pass without even seeing or visiting them. And sometimes, rather than seeking to join ties of relations, some people even intend to severe such ties, by seeking to harm their relatives - either through words, or action, or both.
Such people only even keep close lies with those who are not relation, yet cut-off ties with relatives. Some people only keep ties of relations with those who maintain ties with them, but cut off from those who cut off from them. So such people are not truly the waasils (those who keeps ties of relations), but rather they are those who do so based upon tit for tit. So they will only keep ties with those who keep ties with them -whether relatives, or other than them.
However, the true waasil (one who keeps ties of relations) is the one who keeps ties of relation for the sake of Allaah - regardless of whether his relations keep ties with him or not.
May our Rabb, al-Wudood, put love and concern in our hearts for our relatives for His sake, and enable us to fulfil their rights comprehensively, Ameen.


Pearls of Wisdom – Knowledge And Comfort; 
“Knowledge is a comforting friend in times of loneliness, it is the best companion during travels, and it is the inner friend who speaks to you in your privacy. Knowledge is the discerning proof of what is right and what is wrong and it is the positive force that will help you surmount the trials of comfort, as well as those of hardships. Knowledge is your most powerful sword against your enemy, and finally, it is your most dignifying raiment in the company of your close companions."
[Mu`aadh ibn Jabal (radiAllahu anhu)]


Weekly Q&A;
Q. With regard to the words al-salaatu khayrun min al-nawm (prayer is better than sleep), is it to be said in the first adhaan before Fajr, or in the second adhaan? What is the evidence for saying them? What should the one who hears them say after the muezzin?

Praise be to Allaah. 
In the Name of Allah, the most Merciful and Compassionate,

The Sunnah is to say these words in the second adhaan after dawn has broken, as is narrated in the hadeeth of Abu Mahdhoorah and the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her), which indicate that the muezzin used to say them in the second adhaan after dawn broke. ‘Aa’ishah said: Then the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) would get up and pray two rak‘ahs, then he would go out to pray after the first call, which was the second adhaan in relation to what is called the first adhaan, and is the first adhaan with regard to the iqaamah, because it may also be called “adhaan.”

The Sunnah is to say these words in this adhaan which is the second one after dawn has broken, and is the first in relation to the iqaamah. With regard to the first adhaan, as people customarily call it, this is to alert people. The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said concerning it: “So that those of you who are praying qiyaam can rest and those of you who are sleeping can wake up.” This is the adhaan that alerts people so that those who are asleep can wake up and those who are praying qiyaam can rest, i.e., not make their prayers too long, because dawn has come. In the hadeeth of ‘As’ishah, the later adhaan clearly called the first adhaan in relation to the iqaamah, because the iqaamah is a second adhaan, and the later adhaan may be called the second adhaan, in relation to the first adhaan, the purpose of which is to alert people.

What is meant by the words “prayer is better than sleep” is that the obligatory prayer that Allah has enjoined is better than sleep, and what people should do is get up for it. With regard to the naafil prayers at the end of the night or during the night, they are not obligatory, and sleep may be better than prayer if being sleepy is going to affect his prayer. [In that case] he should sleep and have his share of rest so that he will be able to pray properly. But the obligatory prayer is something that is required and is better than sleep in all cases; the individual has to get up for it and do what will help him to perform the prayer mindfully and do it well and properly.

The one who hears this phrase should repeat it, “al-salaatu khayrun min al-nawm (prayer is better than sleep)” because the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “When you hear the muezzin, say what he says.” So the one who is responding should say “Al-salaatu khayrun min al-nawm”, just as he repeats “Allahu akbar (Allah is most great)” and “Ashhadu an la ilaaha ill-Allah (I bear witness that there is no God but Allah)”; this is the same, he should say “al-salaatu khayrun min al-nawm.” But when the muezzin says “Hayya ‘ala al-salaah, hayya ‘ala al-falaah (come to prayer, come to prosperity)”, he should say, “Laa hawla wa laa quwwata illa Billaah (there is no power and no strength except with Allah).” This is what is prescribed.

When the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) heard the muezzin say “Hayya ‘ala al-salaah (come to prayer)”, he would say, “Laa hawla wa laa quwwata illa Billah (there is no power and no strength except with Allah).” When the muezzin says, “Hayya ‘ala al-falaah” say “La hawla wa laa quwwata illa Billah,” because no one knows whether he will have strength or not, or whether that will be easy for him or not, so he should say Laa hawla wa laa quwwata illa Billaah, meaning I do not have the power to respond to the muezzin and come to the mosque and perform the prayer except by the help of Allah, may He be glorified and exalted; and I do not have the strength to do that except by the help of Allah, may He be glorified and exalted. The call of the muezzin is a call to good: “Hayya ‘ala al-salaah, hayya ‘ala al-falaah (Come to prayer, come to prosperity).” So he has to respond and say, “Laa hawla wa laa quwwata illa Billah (There is no power and no strength except with Allah).” This is what is prescribed, meaning: I have no power or strength to respond to the muezzin or perform the prayer on time with the congregation, or to do anything, except with the help of Allah, may He be glorified and exalted.

And Allah is the source of strength; may Allah send blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) and his family and Companions (radiAllahu anhuma). 
And Allaah (SWT) knows best.


Weekly Suggested Good Deed – Be Happy When It Rains;
We often complain about the UK being host to miserable weather, with rain dominating the forecasts all year round. But we should count ourselves as fortunate, and remind ourselves of the hadith of the Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasallam), in which he said, “Two duas will not be rejected, the one during the call of prayer (Adhaan) and when it rains”
[Abu Dawood, Ibn Majah] 

Hence we should bear this in mind and make as much du'a as possible when we see the rain coming down.


Dua of the Week;
Duah Said As It Rains:                                                                              

                                              اللَّهُمَّ صَيِّبَاً نَافِعَاً

Transliteration:
”Allahumma sayyaban naafi'a"

Translation:
O Allah make it plentiful and beneficial".
[Bukhari]