Thursday, 30 May 2013

Animal Rights From Allah, Hate Sin, Catching Rukuh in Jamaat, Duah for Distressed in Their Absence, Duah in Distress

thefinalmessage|THE FRIDAY NOTE

Weekly Hadith – Animal Rights From Allah;
Allah (Subhana wa ta’ala) says in the Glorious Qur’an regarding His Creation, "And the earth He has put for the creatures."
[Quran 55:10]

Narated By 'Abdullah bin 'Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "A lady was punished because of a cat which she had imprisoned till it died. She entered the (Hell) Fire because of it, for she neither gave it food nor water as she had imprisoned it, nor set it free to eat from the vermin of the earth."
[Bukhari Vol.4, Book 56, #689]

Islam has not only laid down the rights for humans regardless of race, color, language and riches, but has also laid down the rights for animals. Like humans, they are one of the creations of Allah (Subhana wa ta’ala).

Islam gave animals rights at a time when animal rights were not recognized. Today the world is bringing awareness towards the rights of animals whereas Islam addressed this more than 1400 years ago. Oppression is an evil whether the one being oppressed is human or an animal.

Our Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasallam) encouraged people to be good towards animals and forbade acts which are cruel. The most famous story where he displayed this himself was when a cat came and slept on the robe of Prophet Muhammad (salAllahu alayhi wasallam) while he was reading the Qur’an to the listeners. When it was time for the Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasallam) to get up, instead of disturbing the cat, he cut that piece of the robe and stood up.

May Allah (Subhana wa ta’ala) send His peace and blessings on His Beloved Messenger (salAllahu alayhi wasallam), and put rahmah in our hearts for all of His creation.

Pearls of Wisdom – Same Merchandise But…; 
I love the righteous, though I’m not one of them,
Perhaps I will gain their mediation for me.
And I hate those whose trade is sin,
Though we may both have the same merchandise!”

[Imam Al-Shafii]

Weekly Q&A;
Q. Regarding salah, when the Imam goes into Rukuh and we join the jamaat, should we count that rakaat, as we have not recited Fatiha?

Praise be to Allaah. 
In the Name of Allah, the most Merciful and Compassionate,

Whoever catches up with the imam when he is bowing, and bows with him, that is regarded as a rak’ah for him, according to the view of the majority of scholars, even if he did not recite al-Faatihah. This is indicated by the report [narrated by al-Bukhaari (750)] from Abu Bakrah, that he came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) when he was bowing and he bowed with him, before he reached the row. He mentioned that to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and he said: “May Allaah make you more keen but it does not count.”

It was narrated in a saheeh report that Ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “Whoever does not catch up with the imam when he is bowing has not caught up with that rak’ah.” [Narrated by al-Bayhaqi; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Irwa’ al-Ghaleel, 2/262]

Ibn ‘Umar said: “Whoever catches up with the imam when he is bowing and bows before the imam raises his head, has caught up with that rak’ah.”
[Narrated by al-Bayhaqi and classed as saheeh by al-Albaani, op. cit., 2/263]

[Similar reports were narrated from Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq, Zayd ibn Thaabit and ‘Abd-Allaah ibn al-Zubayr. See Irwa’ al-Ghaleel, 2/264]

Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in al-Majmoo’, 4/112: What we have mentioned about catching up with the rak’ah by catching up with rukoo’ (bowing) is the correct view, as stated by al-Shaafa’i. It was also the view of the majority of our companions and the majority of scholars. It is the apparent meaning of the ahaadeeth and all people are unanimously agreed upon it. There is another view, which is very weak, which suggests that it does not count.

It says in ‘Awn al-Ma’bood (3/102): Note that the majority of imams are of the view that whoever catches up with the imam when he is bowing and joins him in the prayer is regarded as having caught up with that rak’ah, even if he did not recite anything. A group was of the view that whoever catches up with the imam when he is bowing has not caught up with that rak’ah. This was the view of Abu Hurayrah. Al-Bukhaari narrated this concerning reciting behind the imam from all of those who were of the view that it is obligatory to recite behind the imam. This view was also favoured by Ibn Khuzaymah, al-Sibghi and other Shaafa’i muhadditheen. Shaykh Taqiy al-Deen al-Subki among the later scholars regarded this as a strong view, and al-Muqbili regarded it as more likely to be correct. End quote.

The view that is more likely to be correct is the view of the majority, because of the hadeeths and reports quoted above.

And Allaah (SWT) knows best.

Weekly Suggested Good Deed – Make Dua for the Distressed in their Absence;

The Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasallam said,
“The supplication that gets the quickest answer is the one made by one Muslim for another in his absence.”
[Abu Dawud and Tirmidhi]

Trials, tribulations and challenges are part of every person’s life. However, to counter that, Allah has provided us a very powerful tool – and that is the tool of duah or asking Allah for help and his mercy when we need it. And we need it all the time…. Equally importantly, we forget at times that Allah has also provided us the opportunity to dramatically increase the effectiveness of our own Dua’s by encouraging us to make dua’s for other brothers and sisters in Islam, and this is confirmed in the above hadith. 
If you know of any brothers or sisters in distress, don´t wait for them to ask, rather remember the virtue given to your duah for them and ask Allah (Subhana wa ta’ala) to put ease in their matter for them.

Dua of the Week;
Dua in Distress (the dua of Yunus Alayhis salam):

 لَّا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنتَ سُبْحَانَكَ إِنِّي كُنتُ مِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ

Transliteration: ‘La ilaha illa Anta, Subhanaka, inni kuntu minadhz-dhzalimeen’

Translation: ‘There is no deity but You. Glory be to You! Verily, I have been among the wrongdoers’ [Quran 21:87]

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “The supplication of my brother Dhun Nun (Yunus, peace be upon him), who called on Allah while in the whale’s belly: ‘There is no deity but You. Glory be to You! Verily, I have been among the wrongdoers’ (Quran 21:87) - no Muslim person says it, for any situation whatsoever, except that Allah Most High answers his call.” [Tirmidhi]

Thursday, 16 May 2013

Fasting on Arafah, Anger and Regret, Description of Eid Prayer, Honour Eid-ul-Adha, Duah For Sacrifice

thefinalmessage|THE FRIDAY NOTE

Weekly Hadith – Fasting on Arafah;
When speaking regarding fasting on the day of Arafah, Our Beloved Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasallam) said, “Fasting the day of ‘Arafah: I hope Allah will expiate thereby for the year before it and the year after it.” (Muslim)
Every human, by default, will sin throughout their lives. But it is through the mercy of our Creator, ar-Rahman, that we have been granted numerous opportunities to have these sins expiated through simple acts, and one such act is fasting the day of Arafah. We have no real excuse for not taking advantage of this blessing and concession of Allah (Subhana wata’ala).
May Allah (azza wa jal) give us all the ability to fast the day of Arafah, accept it from us and through it forgive us our sins in accordance with the du’a above of our beloved Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasallam)

Pearls of Wisdom – Anger and Regret; 
“Anger begins with madness and ends with regret."
[Ali ibn Abi Talib (radiAllahu anhu)]

Weekly Q&A;
Q. What is the description of the Eid Prayer? 

Praise be to Allaah. 
In the Name of Allah, the most Merciful and Compassionate,

The Eid prayer is one where the imam attends and leads the people in praying two rak’ahs.
‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The prayer of al-Fitr is two rak’ahs and the prayer of al-Adha is two rak’ahs, complete and not shortened, on the tongue of your Prophet, and the one who fabricates lies is doomed.”
[Narrated by al-Nasaa’i, 1420 and Ibn Khuzaymah. Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Nasaa’i.]

It was narrated that Abu Sa’eed said: The Messenger of Allaah SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to come out on the day of al-Fitr and al-Adha to the prayer place, and the first thing he would do was to offer the prayer. [Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 956]

In the first rak’ah he should say Takbeerat al-ihraam (say “Allaahu akbar” to start the prayer), after which he should say six or seven more takbeers, because of the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her), “The takbeer of al-Fitr and al-Adha is seven takbeers in the first rak’ah and five takbeers in the second, apart from the takbeer of rukoo’.”
[Narrated by Abu Dawood and classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Irwa’ al-Ghaleel, 639]

Then he should recite al-Faatihah, and recite Soorat Qaf in the first rak’ah. In the second rak’ah he should stand up saying takbeer, and when he has stood up completely he should say takbeer five times, and recite Soorat al-Faatihah then Soorat al-Qamr. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to recite these two soorahs during the two Eids. Or if he wishes he can recite Soorat al-A’la in the first rak’ah and Soorat al-Ghaashiyah in the second, because it was narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to recite al-A’la and al-Ghaashiyah in the Eid prayer.
The imam should revive the Sunnah be reciting these soorahs so that the Muslims will become familiar with the Sunnah.
After the prayer, the imam should address the people. Part of the khutbah should be addressed specifically to the women, telling them of the things that they should do and warning them against the things that they should avoid, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to do.

The prayer comes before the khutbah
One of the rulings of Eid is that the prayer comes before the khutbah, because of the hadeeth of Jaabir ibn ‘Abd-Allaah who said, The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came out on the day of al-Fitr and started with the prayer before the khutbah.
[Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 958; Muslim, 885]

Another indication that the khutbah comes after the prayer is the hadeeth of Abu Sa’eed (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to come out to the prayer place on the day of al-Fitr and al-Adha, and the first thing he would start with was the prayer, then he would go and stand facing the people, while the people were sitting in their rows, and he would preach to them and advise them and command them.  If he wanted to send out a military expedition he would do so and if he wanted to tell the people to do something he would do so, then he would leave.
Abu Sa’eed said: The people continued to do that until I went out with Marwaan – who was the governor of Madeenah – on Eid al-Adha or Eid al-Fitr, and when we came to the prayer-place, there was a minbar that had been built by Katheer ibn al-Salt. When Marwaan wanted to ascend it before he prayed, I grabbed his garment and he pushed me away and climbed up and delivered the khutbah before the prayer. I said, “You have changed it by Allaah.”
He said, “O Abu Sa’eed, what you knew has gone.”
I said, “What I know, by Allaah, is better than what I do not know.”
He said, “The people will not sit and listen to us after the prayer, so we did it before the prayer.” [Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 956]

Note: Hanafi madhhab follow the practice of 6 extra takbeers (3+3), as opposed to 12 (7+5) as discussed above and this is because the Ahnaf take the opinion of Sayyidina Ibn Mas'ud, and other Sahabas, Allah Ta'ala be pleased with them all.

And Allaah (SWT) knows best.

Weekly Suggested Good Deed – Honour Eid-ul-Adha;
Most of us tend to celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr with more enthusiasm of the two Eidain, since it comes after a month’s worth of fasting, and we feel a sense of normality in observing it with more fervour. However, Eid-ul-Adha has no less importance, and is one of the two days of celebration that Muslims have been gifted by Allah (Subhana wa ta’ala).
Just because we may not have completed the Hajj, it does not mean that this Eid deserves any less attention than Eid-ul-Fitr. Hence we should recognise and respect its importance by telling others what it signifies, and those of us with annual leave remaining should try to take the day off to spend it with our families/friends insha’Allah to show that it is a day of real significance in the Muslim calendar.

Dua of the Week;
When Making the Sacrifice:
إِنِّي وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِيَ لِلَّذِي فَطَرَ السَّماَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ مِلَّةَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَنِيفَاً وَمَا أَنَا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ . إِنَّ صَلاتِي وَنُسُكِي وَمَحْيَايَ وَمَمَاتِي لِلَّهِ رَبِّ العَالَمِينَ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَبِذَلِكَ أُمِرْتُ وَأَنَا أَوَّلُ المُسْلِمِينَ ، اللَّهُمَّ مِنْكَ وَلَكَ

When making Qurbani, place the animal facing the Qibla and recite:
"I have turned my face to that Being who has created the skies and the Earth in the state of the Straight Deen of Ibrahim - and I am not amongst the Mushrikeen. Definitely, my Salaat, my Ibadat and my living and dying is all for Allah, who is the Lord of the worlds, and who has no partner. I have been ordered (all that passed) I am amongst the Muslimeen (the obedient).
O Allah this sacrifice is due to You granting us the ability to do so and it is for You". - Mishkat

Thursday, 9 May 2013

Days of Hajj Dhul Hijjah, Sincere Prostration, Self Confidence vs Arrogance, Increase recitation of Tahleel, Duah for Pious Child

thefinalmessage|THE FRIDAY NOTE

Weekly Hadith – Days of Hajj Dhul Hijjah;
Ibn ‘Abbaas (radiAllahu anhuma) reported that regarding the first 10 days of Dhul Hijjah, the Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasallam) said: "There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allaah than these ten days." The people asked, "Not even jihaad for the sake of Allaah?" He said, "Not even jihaad for the sake of Allaah, except in the case of a man who went out to fight giving himself and his wealth up for the cause, and came back with nothing."
[Reported by al-Bukhaari, 2/457]

Allaah (subhana wa taála) has created Time and has made some times better than others, some months and days and nights better than others, when rewards are multiplied many times, as a mercy towards His slaves. This encourages them to do more righteous deeds and makes them more eager to worship Him, so that the Muslim renews his efforts to gain a greater share of reward, prepare himself for death and supply himself in readiness for the Day of Judgement.
The first 10 days of Dhul-Hijjah are amongst the best of time created by Allah (subhana wa taála) as is clear from the above hadith. The scholars (rahimAllah) have confirmed that these days are even better than the last 10 days of Ramadan in terms of earning reward for good deeds, although the significance of the nights of the latter hold a higher weight. We should hence not waste this opportunity inshaÁllah, and increase in the good that we are able to do. It may not have been the year where we were able to go to Hajj and wash off all our sins, but we certainly can still benefit from the virtues of that this great month has to offer by availing the increased rewards for good deeds in the first 10 days.

Pearls of Wisdom – Sincere Prostration; 
“If I could know for certain that Allah (subhana wa taála) has accepted even one of my prostrations, there would be no long lost friend more dearer to me than death itself” 
[Abdullah ibn Umar (radiAllahu anhuma)]

Weekly Q&A;
Q. What does self confidence mean for the Muslim, and is that contrary to his need for his Lord, may He be exalted?

Praise be to Allaah. 
In the Name of Allah, the most Merciful and Compassionate,

Firstly: Self-confidence is an acquired characteristic that the Muslim needs to know how to acquire so that he will be one of those who have self-confidence. But first of all he has to differentiate between self-confidence and arrogance.
Self-confidence means being aware of what Allah has given you of good characteristics and striving accordingly to attain that which will benefit you. If you misuse it you will be filled with arrogance and self admiration, which are two destructive problems. If you deny those blessings that have been given to you and the good characteristics that Allah has blessed you with, you will become lazy and apathetic; you will let yourself down and lose the blessings that Allah has given you. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Indeed he succeeds who purifies his ownself (i.e. obeys and performs all that Allaah ordered, by following the true Faith of Islamic Monotheism and by doing righteous good deeds).

“And indeed he fails who corrupts his ownself (i.e. disobeys what Allaah has ordered by rejecting the true Faith of Islamic Monotheism or by following polytheism, or by doing every kind of evil wicked deeds)”
[al-Shams 91:9-10]

It is worth pointing out something important here, which is that for the Muslim, having self-confidence does not mean that he does not need the help of his Lord, and it does not mean that he does not need his brothers and people in general to advise him and help him. This is what the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) asked his Lord for, which was: not to be left to himself (or to his own devices), not even for the blink of an eye!

It was narrated that Abu Bakrah said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “The supplication of the one who is in distress: O Allaah, for Your mercy I hope, so do not abandon me to myself even for the blink of an eye. Set all my affairs straight, there is no god but You.”
[Narrated by Abu Dawood (5090)]

Al-Nasaa’i (10405) narrated from Anas, in a hadeeth that was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Nasaa’i, that these words are to be said morning and evening.

Secondly: Some of the things which we think will increase the Muslim’s self-confidence are:

1. Putting his trust in his Lord, depending upon Him and seeking support and help from Him.
The Muslim cannot do without his Lord, may He be exalted. As we mentioned above, self-confidence is an acquired characteristic, and the Muslim needs help and support from his Lord. The more he puts his trust in his Lord, the greater his self-confidence will grow and reach the highest level.

When Moosa and his people fled from Pharaoh and his troops, and the two sides saw one another, we see the trust that Moosa had in his Lord. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And when the two hosts saw each other, the companions of Moosa (Moses) said: ‘We are sure to be overtaken.’

[Moosa (Moses)] said: ‘Nay, verily, with me is my Lord. He will guide me’”
[al-Shu‘ara’ 26:61, 62]

2. Finding out what his strong points are and increasing them.
What he does well and developing it; and what his weak points are and trying to deal with them.

In order to develop self-confidence it is essential to look with gratitude at what Allah has given you of skills and characteristics, so that this will motivate you to strengthen your self-confidence. With regard to your weak points, you have to try to deal with them and develop them so that they reach the same level as your other, good skills and characteristics.

3. It is very important for the Muslim who is seeking ways of increasing his self-confidence not to repeat negative words, such as saying that he has no self-confidence or that he will never succeed at work.

4. The Muslim has to set specific goals for his life and check on the outcome time after time.
Because the person who is self-confident will make sure that his goal is achieved on the basis of good planning and with the help of his Lord.

5. The Muslim should seek righteous companions.
Because that will give him a motive to succeed and encourage him to make greater efforts. The righteous companions will not overlook their friend’s weak points; rather they will guide him to follow the better path. Thus good companions are one of the factors of success for the confident Muslim.

6. He should not be distracted by previous difficult experiences and past failures.
Because that will spoil his efforts and make him look down on what he has achieved of success. This is not something that the Muslim wants for himself.

Thirdly: Controlling one’s behaviour and actions is something that the Muslim can do and it is within his capabilities. Part of that is anger; the Muslim should be confident that he is able, with the help of his Lord, to rid himself of the evils and bad effects of anger and strive to mend his ways and discipline himself to adhere to the laws of Allah. This is something that is very easy indeed for the one who wants to achieve it, so long as he has a great deal of resolve to complete what he wants to achieve of disciplining himself and purifying his soul.

And Allah is the source of strength; may Allah send blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) and his family and Companions (radiAllahu anhuma). 

And Allaah (SWT) knows best.

Weekly Suggested Good Deed – Increase in your recitation of Tahleel;
Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar (radiAllah anhuma) reported that the Prophet (salAllaahu alayhi wasallam) said: "There are no days greater in the sight of Allaah and in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Him than these ten days (first 10 days of Dhul Hijjah), so during this time recite a great deal of Tahleel ("La ilaaha ill-Allaah"), Takbeer (Allahu Akbar) and Tahmeed (Alhamdulillah)."
[Reported by Ahmad, 7/224; Ahmad Shaakir stated that it is saheeh]

These are three very small phrases, but hold the highest of rewards. Every muslim knows how to recite these, and so there are not really any excuses for not being able to do this. So inshaÁllah we should all try to remember to recite these exalted words as often as we can.

Dua of the Week;
Dua for wanting a Pious Child:
  رَبِّ هَبْ لِى مِن لَّدُنكَ ذُرِّيَّةًۭ طَيِّبَةً ۖ إِنَّكَ سَمِيعٱلدُّعَآءُ
[Surah Ale-Imran, 38]

“rabbi hablii mil ladunnka zhur-riy-yatan Tay-yibah: innaka samii-’Ud du’aa"

"Oh my Lord! Grant me from You, a good offspring. You are indeed the All-Hearer of invocation"