thefinalmessage|THE FRIDAY NOTE
Hajj Days Overview;
Day 1 and 2 of Hajj;
8th Dhul Hijjah – Yawm al-Tarwiyah (the day of fetching water and quenching thirst)
It is known as Yawm al-Tarwiyah because in the past there were no sources of water on the actual plains of `Arafah and Minaa (in which the pilgrims will inhabit the coming days). The plains for the most part are wide open valleys, dry and barren.
Because of the scarcity of water in the area, the pilgrims were instructed to prepare for this long day by feeding and supplying their animals and riding beasts with enough water for the long journey ahead. The pilgrims would also fetch water for themselves and fill their water skin bags.
Yawm al-Tarwiyah is a preparation for the days to follow and in particular the 9th day – the anticipated day on which The King of the worlds descends (In a manner that befits His Majesty). The pilgrim should look forward to and prepare for that meeting as The Prophet (SAW) said:
“Whoever loves to meet Allaah, Allaah will love to meet him, and whoever dislikes to meet Allaah, Allaah will dislike to meet him.”
What the pilgrims do on 1st day of Hajj:
1. They prepare to enter the state of ihram i.e. clean themselves and men put on perfume and wear the two white garments but as for women then they wear their regular clothes.
2. Once they are ready to start their move to Mina, they pronounce their words of ihraam “Labbayka Allaahumma Hajj” which epitomizes the purpose of this journey, “Here I am O Allaah for the Hajj.”
3. In Mina, the pilgrims generally remain there for the entire day and night until after Fajr the next day.
9th Dhul Hijjah – Yawm al-Arafah (the day of `Arafah)
What is meant by the words of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him),
“Hajj is ‘Arafah”
is that in Hajj it is essential to stand in ‘Arafah. Whoever does not stand in ‘Arafah has missed out on Hajj. It does not mean that the one who stands in ‘Arafah no longer has to do any of the actions of Hajj. Rather what is meant is that standing in ‘Arafah is an essential part of Hajj and if he does not stand in ‘Arafah then there is no Hajj for him. Hence the scholars said: Whoever misses the standing (in ‘Arafah) has missed Hajj. End quote.
[Majmoo‘ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 23/24]
The Day of `Arafah is certainly a tremendous day; a blessed day chosen by Allaah; an immense gathering of goodness, eemaan, and taqwaa. Where prayers pour forth and an abundance of mercy descends.
“There is no day on which Allaah frees more servants from the Fire than the Day of `Arafah. He indeed draws near and He then speaks of them proudly in the assembly of the angels saying, ‘What do these people seek?’”
Ibn `Abd Al-Barr said: “This shows that they have been forgiven, since He does not boast about sinful people except after they repent and are forgiven.”
The Prophet sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam said:
“Allaah descends to the lowest sky and speaks proudly, boasting to His angels about the pilgrims at `Arafah saying, ‘Just look at my servants! They have come to Me with dishevelled hair and covered in dust.’”
`Abdullaah ibn al-Mubaarak said:
“I went to Sufyaan ath-Thawree on the afternoon of the day of `Arafah and found him down on his two knees with his eyes shedding tears, and I began to cry. He turned to me and asked, ‘What is the matter?’ I said, “Who is the worst in this gathering?” He replied, “A man who thinks that Allaah will not forgive him.”
Thus it is imperative for the pilgrim eager of profiting on this hallowed day to be humble, submissive, and remorseful before his King; hoping for His mercy, generosity and forgiveness; fearing His wrath and punishment; repentant to Him from all sins which his hands earned him or his feet may have led him to; not wasting his time on this auspicious occasion by wandering here and there or talking about random things.
Instead, he should devote himself to his King and Guardian seeking His forgiveness.
The Prophet sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam said:
“The best supplication is the one made on the day of `Arafah, and the best thing I and the other Prophets before me have said is, ‘There is none worthy of worship except Allaah alone, having no partner. To Him belong all dominion and praise, and He is over all things Omnipotent.
(Transliteration for duah: “La ilaha illallahu wahdahu la sharika lahu lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu wa huwa ala kulli shai in qadir”)
What the pilgrims do on the 2nd day of Hajj:
1. On that day most of the pilgrims will still be in Mina. They pray Fajr in their camps in Mina, and after sunrise they start their final preparation for the journey ahead.
2. As they all head to `Arafah, they chant the talbiyah continuously.
3. Once the pilgrims reach `Arafah, they take their places in their pre-assigned camps and wait until the call for the prayer is announced.
4. When the time for prayer approaches, the imaam who delivers the sermon stands to remind the congregation and those in the surrounding areas with what is known as the sermon of `Arafah. The adhaan or call for the prayer is then announced, the imaam then leads the congregation in the Zuhr and `Asr prayers, combined and shortened, each performed in units of two with one adhaan and two iqaamah’s.
5. Once the prayer is done, the hujjaaj spend the rest of the day in active devotion performing many acts of worship.
The hujjaaj are obligated to stay in the boundaries of `Arafah until pass sunset. Anyone who fails staying there risks invalidating his entire Hajj.
After `Asr time the plains of `Arafah transforms into a completely different sight. Hundreds of thousands of people are now realizing the imminence of the end of this blessed day, and hence engage in a passionate and vigorous du`aa.
6. Once the day comes to an end, and right after sunset the hujjaaj start heading back towards Mina. On their way to Mina there will be one stop for the night, the plains of Muzdalifah. Whether they go riding or walking the hujjaaj have to stop in Muzdalifah to pray Maghrib and `Eshaa combined, where Maghrib is done in full three units and `Eshaa is shortened into two.
It is the sunnah of the Prophet and therefore for the hujjaaj to spend the entire night in Muzdalifah resting, and hence the best act of worship on Muzdalifah is to go to rest and sleep. The hujjaaj need to rest after a long day of worship and they also need to prepare well for a longer day of various acts of worship, the day of Nahr i.e. the day of `Eid.
The Days of Hajj series by Yaser Birjas
Beneficial Creedal Lessons from The Hajj by Abd Al-Razzaaq al-Badr