Thursday, 19 September 2013

Hajj Days Overview - Days 1 and 2

thefinalmessage|THE FRIDAY NOTE
Hajj Days Overview;

Day 1 and 2 of Hajj;

8th Dhul Hijjah – Yawm al-Tarwiyah (the day of fetching water and quenching thirst)

It is known as Yawm al-Tarwiyah because in the past there were no sources of water on the actual plains of `Arafah and Minaa (in which the pilgrims will inhabit the coming days). The plains for the most part are wide open valleys, dry and barren.

Because of the scarcity of water in the area, the pilgrims were instructed to prepare for this long day by feeding and supplying their animals and riding beasts with enough water for the long journey ahead. The pilgrims would also fetch water for themselves and fill their water skin bags.

Yawm al-Tarwiyah is a preparation for the days to follow and in particular the 9th day – the anticipated day on which The King of the worlds descends (In a manner that befits His Majesty). The pilgrim should look forward to and prepare for that meeting as The Prophet (SAW) said:

“Whoever loves to meet Allaah, Allaah will love to meet him, and whoever dislikes to meet Allaah, Allaah will dislike to meet him.”

What the pilgrims do on 1st day of Hajj:
1. They prepare to enter the state of ihram i.e. clean themselves and men put on perfume and wear the two white garments but as for women then they wear their regular clothes.

2. Once they are ready to start their move to Mina, they pronounce their words of ihraam “Labbayka Allaahumma Hajj” which epitomizes the purpose of this journey, “Here I am O Allaah for the Hajj.”

3. In Mina, the pilgrims generally remain there for the entire day and night until after Fajr the next day.

9th Dhul Hijjah – Yawm al-Arafah (the day of `Arafah)

What is meant by the words of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him),
“Hajj is ‘Arafah”
is that in Hajj it is essential to stand in ‘Arafah. Whoever does not stand in ‘Arafah has missed out on Hajj. It does not mean that the one who stands in ‘Arafah no longer has to do any of the actions of Hajj. Rather what is meant is that standing in ‘Arafah is an essential part of Hajj and if he does not stand in ‘Arafah then there is no Hajj for him. Hence the scholars said: Whoever misses the standing (in ‘Arafah) has missed Hajj. End quote.
[Majmoo‘ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 23/24]

The Day of `Arafah is certainly a tremendous day; a blessed day chosen by Allaah; an immense gathering of goodness, eemaan, and taqwaa. Where prayers pour forth and an abundance of mercy descends.

“There is no day on which Allaah frees more servants from the Fire than the Day of `Arafah. He indeed draws near and He then speaks of them proudly in the assembly of the angels saying, ‘What do these people seek?’”

Ibn `Abd Al-Barr said: “This shows that they have been forgiven, since He does not boast about sinful people except after they repent and are forgiven.”

The Prophet sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam said:
“Allaah descends to the lowest sky and speaks proudly, boasting to His angels about the pilgrims at `Arafah saying, ‘Just look at my servants! They have come to Me with dishevelled hair and covered in dust.’”

`Abdullaah ibn al-Mubaarak said:
“I went to Sufyaan ath-Thawree on the afternoon of the day of `Arafah and found him down on his two knees with his eyes shedding tears, and I began to cry. He turned to me and asked, ‘What is the matter?’ I said, “Who is the worst in this gathering?” He replied, “A man who thinks that Allaah will not forgive him.”

Thus it is imperative for the pilgrim eager of profiting on this hallowed day to be humble, submissive, and remorseful before his King; hoping for His mercy, generosity and forgiveness; fearing His wrath and punishment; repentant to Him from all sins which his hands earned him or his feet may have led him to; not wasting his time on this auspicious occasion by wandering here and there or talking about random things.
Instead, he should devote himself to his King and Guardian seeking His forgiveness.

The Prophet sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam said:
“The best supplication is the one made on the day of `Arafah, and the best thing I and the other Prophets before me have said is, ‘There is none worthy of worship except Allaah alone, having no partner. To Him belong all dominion and praise, and He is over all things Omnipotent.
(Transliteration for duah: “La ilaha illallahu wahdahu la sharika lahu lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu wa huwa ala kulli shai in qadir”)

What the pilgrims do on the 2nd day of Hajj:
1. On that day most of the pilgrims will still be in Mina. They pray Fajr in their camps in Mina, and after sunrise they start their final preparation for the journey ahead.

2. As they all head to `Arafah, they chant the talbiyah continuously.

3. Once the pilgrims reach `Arafah, they take their places in their pre-assigned camps and wait until the call for the prayer is announced.

4. When the time for prayer approaches, the imaam who delivers the sermon stands to remind the congregation and those in the surrounding areas with what is known as the sermon of `Arafah. The adhaan or call for the prayer is then announced, the imaam then leads the congregation in the Zuhr and `Asr prayers, combined and shortened, each performed in units of two with one adhaan and two iqaamah’s.

5. Once the prayer is done, the hujjaaj spend the rest of the day in active devotion performing many acts of worship.

The hujjaaj are obligated to stay in the boundaries of `Arafah until pass sunset. Anyone who fails staying there risks invalidating his entire Hajj.

After `Asr time the plains of `Arafah transforms into a completely different sight. Hundreds of thousands of people are now realizing the imminence of the end of this blessed day, and hence engage in a passionate and vigorous du`aa.

6. Once the day comes to an end, and right after sunset the hujjaaj start heading back towards Mina. On their way to Mina there will be one stop for the night, the plains of Muzdalifah. Whether they go riding or walking the hujjaaj have to stop in Muzdalifah to pray Maghrib and `Eshaa combined, where Maghrib is done in full three units and `Eshaa is shortened into two.

It is the sunnah of the Prophet and therefore for the hujjaaj to spend the entire night in Muzdalifah resting, and hence the best act of worship on Muzdalifah is to go to rest and sleep. The hujjaaj need to rest after a long day of worship and they also need to prepare well for a longer day of various acts of worship, the day of Nahr i.e. the day of `Eid.

The Days of Hajj series by Yaser Birjas
Beneficial Creedal Lessons from The Hajj by Abd Al-Razzaaq al-Badr

Thursday, 12 September 2013

Unseen and Horoscopes, Work for Allah, Forgetting Qunoot, Smart Investments and Duah for Well-being and Obedience of Children

thefinalmessage|THE FRIDAY NOTE

Weekly Hadith – Unseen and Horoscopes;
Allah (Subhanawa taála) says in His Perfect Word, “And with Him (i.e, Allah) are the keys of the unseen; none knows them except Him."
[Surah al-Anaam, Verse 59]

and further,
"Say (O Muhammad): 'None in the heavens and the earth knows the unknown except Allah....'"
[Surah al-Naml, Verse 65]

The consequences of seeking knowledge of the unseen through any worldly source are laid out by the Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasallam) when he said, " The daily prayers of whoever approaches a fortune-teller and asks him about anything will not be accepted for forty days and nights"

and also "Whoever approaches an oracle or fortune-teller and believes in what he says, has disbelieved in what was revealed to Muhammad (i.e,has committed Kufr, or an act of disbelief)" [Ahmad and Abu Daawood]

Despite the confirmation from Allah ('azza wa jal) that only He owns all knowledge of the Ghaib (unseen), and the stark warnings from His Messenger (salAllahu alayhi wasallam), practices of fortune-telling are widely prevalent within various Muslim societies, especially in South-East Asia, Africa and the Middle-East. These can take the the form of Palmistry, astrology, the reading of tea leaves, soothsayers, prognosticators, it can allegedly be done through the rattling of bones and even with rotten eggs. Scholars through the use of evidence and authentic sources have also unanimously classified the casting and reading of horoscopes in this category. The sad fact is that the practitioners of this vile discipline are sustained by many Muslims who frequent them and pay significant sums of money, either through their desperation to learn their fate, or otherwise simply due to their ignorance of its prohibition.  Either way, it is a clear negation of the Words of Allah and His Messenger (salAllahu alayhi wasallam), and a transgression into the boundaries of Kufr.

Belief in fortune-telling, astrology, or any alternative medium through which knowledge of the future may be sought, are in clear opposition to the letter and spirit of Islam. In truth, it is the empty soul which has not tasted real Eemaan (belief) that seeks out these paths of falsehood.
In the digital age that we live in there are many technologies that also help us ‘glimpse’ the future e.g. aging booth applications and it is best to also stay away from these to be on the safe side.

Essentially, these paths represent a vain attempt to escape Qadr (fate), but we all know that any efforts to avoid the decree of Allah (Subhana wa ta'aala) are fruitless. We should all as true Muslims ensure that we stay as far away as possible from all of these fabricated practices, and advise our brothers and sisters who may be indulging in them through ignorance, to repent and do the same. May Allah (Subhana wa taála) protect us from all that displeases Him, and give us the sense to adhere strictly to His Rightly Guided Way, Ameen.

Pearls of Wisdom – Work For Allah; 
“Improve your secret and private life, and Allah will improve your public and social life. Make matters well between you and Allah, and Allah will make matters well between you and your people. Work for Allah, and Allah will be enough for you in your worldly concerns."
[Sufyan ath Thawri (Rahimahullaah)]

Weekly Q&A;
Q. If a person forgets to say the du'a of Witr (Qunoot), or forgets to recite out loud in a prayer where they are meant to recite out loud, does the prostration of forgetfulness have to be performed to make up for it?

Praise be to Allaah. 
In the Name of Allah, the most Merciful and Compassionate,

If a person omits the Qunoot of Witr because of forgetfulness or he does not recite out loud in a prayer where the recitation should done out loud, out of forgetfulness, he does not have to do the prostration of forgetfulness, but if he does prostrate there is nothing wrong with that. Doing the prostration of forgetfulness for omitting a Sunnah of prayer is permissible, but it is not obligatory.
For someone who follows the Hanafi madhab Qunoot of Witr is a wajib component so he/she should make the forgetfulness prostration (Sajdah Sahw) at the end of his prayer.

And Allaah (SWT) knows best.

[Source: and]

Weekly Suggested Good Deed – Smart Investments;

 If inn shaa’Allah we receive bonuses and possibly a pay rise then we should remember the One who has granted us this increase in our rizq (sustenance), when spending it. Allah (Subhana wa ta'ala) reminds us of this in the Qur'an when He says, “Whatever is with you, will be exhausted, and whatever is with Allaah (of good deeds) will remain”
[al-Nahl 16:96]

This is complemented by the hadith of our Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasallam) when he said that that every man will be shaded by his charity on the Day of Resurrection, the day on which the sun will be brought close to people’s heads until Allah passes judgement between them
[Narrated by Ahmad, 16882]

So go ahead and make the best of investments; seek out good ways of using the increase in what you have been bestowed with inn shaa'Allah. Make the intention to set aside a portion of it for sadaqah, or otherwise approach a needy brother/sister whom you may be able to assist by offering a loan in their time of difficulty. If we make matters easier for them, inn shaa'Allah Allah will make matters easier for us. If we are conscious of the commandments of our Rabb, al-Wahaab, inn shaa'Allah He will increase His blessings upon us in this world and the Hereafter. May He accept our deeds and intentions, and recompense us accordingly by adding abundantly to our scale of good deeds on the Day when this wealth will be of no use to us.

Dua of the Week;
For the Well-being and Obedience of Children:

Transliteration: “waaslih lee fee thurriyyatee innee tubtu ilayka wa-innee minal muslimeen”

Translation: ‘"…And (O Allah), be gracious towards me in the matter of my off-spring. And surely, I have returned to You in repentance, and surely, I am of those who surrender (to You).”
[al-Ahqaf, 15]

Thursday, 5 September 2013

Islamic New Year, Constantly Thanking Allah, Wounds and Wudhu, Fasting on Ashura and Duah of Pharoh's Wife Asiyah

thefinalmessage|THE FRIDAY NOTE

Weekly Hadith – Islamic New Year;
Allah (Subhanawa taála) says in His Perfect Word, “Verily, the number of months with Allah is twelve months (in a year), so it was ordained by Allah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them, four are sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein…”
[al-Tawbah 9:36]

And in his final sermon before his death, the Prophet Muhammad (salAllahu alayhi wasallam) said, among other things,"With Allah the months are twelve; four of them are holy; three of these are successive and one occurs singly between the months of Jumaada and Sha'ban."

The commencement of the month of Muharram marks the beginning of a new year in the Islamic calendar. While as Muslims we do not traditionally celebrate our New Year, we do acknowledge the passing of time, and therefore reflect on our mortality. Setting ourselves new years resolutions is not a practice we follow, as correcting oneself so infrequently would be insufficient. But we know from the hadith narrations that the angels assigned to us record and report our actions to Allah (Subhana wa taála) on a daily basis, after Fajr and Asr. Hence we should make a continuous, persistent effort on a regular basis to rectify our faults and weaknesses.

As is confirmed by the above given aayah and hadith, Muharram is one of the four sacred months, and we should endeavour to make the most of its virtues by increasing in our good deeds during this month, and refraining from indulging in anything that may displease our Lord (the Mighty and Sublime).

May Allah (Subhana wa taála) bring success to the Ummah in this, and all proceeding years, and cement in our hearts a firm resolve to strive in His way to win His pleasure, Ameen.  

Pearls of Wisdom – Constantly Thanking Allah; 
´The greatest manifestation of wisdom is in continuously thanking Allah for everything that He has bestowed upon you.´
[Imam Rafique Mehdi, Imam of Masjid al-Imaan in Fort Lauderdale, US, and leading daaée in Florida]

Weekly Q&A;
Q. How should one complete wudhoo/perform ghusl (bath to remove ritual impurty) over a bandage/wound?

Praise be to Allaah. 
In the Name of Allah, the most Merciful and Compassionate,

If there is a wound in any part of the body, then this wound is either uncovered or it is covered with a dressing or bandage.

If it is covered with a dressing or bandage, then he should wash the healthy parts of the body, then he should wet his hand with water and wipe over the dressing. If he does this then he does not need to do tayammum.

There are ahaadeeth which speak about wiping over splints, but they are all da’eef (weak), but that has been proven from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him).

Al-Bayhaqi said:

Nothing has been proven from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) on this topic… rather this is the view of the fuqaha’ among the Taabi’een and those who came after them, as well as what we have narrated from Ibn ‘Umar. He mentioned with his isnaad that Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) did wudoo’ when his hand was bandaged, and he wiped over it and over the dressing, and he washed everything else. He said: This is saheeh from Ibn ‘Umar. End quote.  Al-Majmoo’, 2/368.
But if the wound is uncovered, then it must be washed with water if possible, but if washing it will harm it, and he can wipe it then he should wipe it. If that is not possible, then the wound should be left without washing or wiping, then when the person has finished doing wudoo’, he should do tayammum.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in al-Sharh al-Mumti’ (1/169)
The scholars (may Allaah have mercy on them) said: Wounds and the like are either uncovered or covered.
If the wound is uncovered then it must be washed with water. If it is not possible to wash it with water then it should be wiped over. If it is not possible to wipe over it then he should do tayammum. This is in order of preference.

If it is covered with some kind of appropriate material, then it can only be wiped. If wiping will harm it even though it is covered, then he should do tayammum, just as if it was uncovered. This is what was stated by the fuqaha’ (may Allaah have mercy on them). End quote.
Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

If it has a dressing over it, he should wipe over it; if it is uncovered then he should do tayammum for it. End quote. Fataawa Ibn Baaz, 10/118 

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan (may Allaah preserve him) was asked:
After the washing that the doctor did for me, some blood came from my hand, from the site of the injection, so he put a bandage over it. If I take it off it starts to bleed and would not stop until night. This bandage is still wrapped around my left hand. Is it permissible for me wipe over it when I do wudoo’ even though I was not taahir when it was put on, rather it was put on when there was bleeding; and how should I wipe over it?
He replied: 

You should not take off the bandage which is over your wound, especially since taking it off will harm you and make it bleed. It is not permissible for you to take it off in this case, because that poses a danger to you. So leave it where it is, and when you do wudoo’ wash the part of the hand where there is no bandage, and for the part where the bandage is, it will be sufficient for you to wipe over the outside of it by wetting your hand with water and moving it over the outside of the bandage. This will suffice for you instead of washing what is beneath it for as long as it needs to stay, even if that is for many prayer times or for several days. It is not essential that the bandage have been put on when you were taahir, rather you may wipe over it, according to the correct view, even if you were not taahir at the time when it was put on and even if there is blood underneath it at the site of the injection or wound.

Conclusion: There is nothing wrong with you leaving the bandage on; rather you have to leave it on because it is in your interests. You can wipe over the outside of it when you wash the part of your hand that is not covered. End quote. Al-Muntaqa min Fataawa al-Shaykh al-Fawzaan, 5/15

And Allaah (SWT) knows best.


Weekly Suggested Good Deed – Fasting on Ashura;
Fast the Day of Ashura...

The Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasallam) said, “Fasting the day of `Ashura’ (is of great merits), I hope that Allah will accept it as an expiation for (the sins committed in) the previous year”

Also, fasting the 9th of Muharram is highly recommended by the Sunnah. Imam At-Tirmidhi reported that Ibn `Abbas (radiAllahu anhuma) used to say: “We should fast on two days: the 9th and 10th of Muharram to distinguish ourselves from the Jewish community.”

We should take advantage of this concession of Allah (Subhana wa taála) and ensure that we fast these two days in order to have our minor sins forgiven. It should be noted that accordingly to the majority scholarly opinion, the 10th and the 11th can also be fasted to fulfil the recommended Sunnah.

Muharram is still to come after the month of Hajj but nothing wrong with attaining the knowledge for it now.

Dua of the Week;
Dua of Firáun´s (Pharoh´s) Wife, Asiyah (radiAllahu anha):

Transliteration: “Rabbi ibni lee ‘indaka baytan fee aljannati”

Translation: ‘My Lord, build for me near You a house in Paradise’
[al-Tahrim, 11]